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MSS 011 Marcus Christian Collection: Inventory


(Mss 11)


Earl K. Long Library

University of New Orleans

September 1997




Approximately 146 linear feet.

Geographic Locations:

New Orleans, Louisiana and the American South.

Inclusive Dates:

1724 to 1976.

Bulk Dates:

1928 to 1976.



These papers of Marcus Bruce Christian (1900-1976), a businessman, a writer and poet, teacher, and head of the “Colored Project” of the Louisiana Federal Writers’ Project (FWP), include personal papers, historical and literary writings, and data compiled by the FWP pertaining to the black experience in America.

Related Collections:

Marcus Christian Collection, Addendum 1 (Mss 249)


Gift, 1978.


No Restrictions.


Physical rights are retained by the Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans.


Marcus Christian Collection (MSS 11), Louisiana and Special Collections Department, Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans

Biographical Note

            Marcus Bruce Christian, the son of Emanual Banks Christian and Rebecca Harris, was born on March 8, 1900, in Mechanicsville (now incorporated into Houma), Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana.  The son and grandson of teachers, he was educated at Houma Academy and an evening public school in New Orleans.  Orphaned at thirteen, Christian moved to New Orleans in 1919 and resided there until his death on November 21, 1976.

            From 1926 until 1935, Christian owned and operated a dry-cleaning business.  In 1936 he joined the Federal Writers’ Project and was assigned to the “Colored Project” at Dillard University, eventually becoming its director and holding that post until the project’s demise in 1943.  Under Christian’s authority, the Dillard project contributed information about black writers to the New Orleans City Guide (1938) and Louisiana: A Guide to the State (1941), both published by the Federal Writers’ Project.

            Upon the termination of the Writers’ Project, Christian served as director of the Dillard University War Information Center.  Also in 1943, he received a Julius Rosenwald Fellowship to pursue historical research on African Americans in Louisiana.  A year later, he was appointed assistant librarian at Dillard.  During this period he also operated his own printing company.  From 1972 until his death in 1976, Christian held the post of special instructor in English and history at the University of New Orleans.

            Widely acclaimed as poet laureate of the New Orleans African American community, Christian composed some two thousand poems over the course of his life.  His first book of poetry was published in 1922, and he contributed poetic, literary, and historical works to the Afro-American, the Pittsburgh Courier, Opportunity, Crisis, the Dillard Arts Quarterly, the New Orleans States-Item, the New York Herald-Tribune, Phylon, and the Louisiana Weekly.  He also served as poetry and contributing editor of the Louisiana Weekly.  An active historian, Christian did extensive research on Louisiana and assisted in the writing of “A Black History of Louisiana,” an unpublished manuscript produced by the Federal Writers’ Project.  His published works include Negro Ironworkers of Louisiana, 1718-1900; Battle of New Orleans; From the Deep South; and Common People’s Manifesto of World War II.

List of Series and Subseries

Series I:

Art ([n.d.]).

Series II:

Biographical Material on Marcus Christian ([n.d.], 1967-1975).


Series III:


Series IV:

Broadsides and Handbills ([n.d.], 1854, 1910-1976).

Series V:

Cassette Audiotapes ([n.d.]).

Series VI:

Clippings ([n.d.], 1913-1976).

Series VII:

Correspondence ([n.d.], 1913-1976).


Series VIII:

Deep South Human Relations Seminar, Xavier University (April 1963).

Series IX:

Diary, Notes, Business Cards ([n.d., ca. 1924-1973]).

Series X:

Dillard University (1940-1970).

Series XI:

Historical Source Materials ([n.d.], 1724-1967).

Subseries XI.1  Bibliographies.

Subseries XI.2  Business Records.

Subseries XI.3  Government Documents (U.S.)

Subseries XI.4  City of New Orleans.

Subseries XI.5  State of Louisiana.

Subseries XI.6  Miscellany.

Subseries XI.7  Notes, Excerpts from books.

Subseries XI.8  Notes, Excerpts, and Articles.

Subseries XI.9  Photographs.

Subseries XI.10  Prints.

Subseries XI.11  Research Data.

Series XII:

Julius Rosenwald Fund (1939-1944).

Series XIII:

Literary and Historical Manuscripts ([n.d.], 1932-1975).

Subseries XIII.1  Historical Manuscripts by Christian.

Subseries XIII.2  Literary Manuscripts by Christian.


Series XIV:

Maps ([n.d.], 1775-1966).

Series XV:

Miscellany ([n.d.]).

Series XVI:

Pamphlets, Programs, Reprints ([n.d.], 1929-1974).

Series XVII:

Personal Photographs ([n.d.], 1911-1970).

Series XVIII:

Personal Records.

Series XIX:

Phonograph Recordings.

Series XX:

Records of Small Businesses Operated by Marcus Christian.

Subseries XX.1  Bluebird Cleaners.

Subseries XX.2  Newspaper Delivery Routes.

Subseries XX.3  Southern Publishing Company.

Series XXI:

Scrapbooks ([n.d.], 1887-1948).

Series XXII:

Serials ([n.d.], 1828-1976).

Series XXIII:

Sheet Music.

Series XXIV:

University of New Orleans Teaching Assignments ([n.d.], 1972-1975).

Series XXV:

WPA Transcriptions of Negro Activities Chiefly from New Orleans News­papers ([ca. 1729-1941).


Appendix A:

“A Black History of Louisiana,” Table of Contents.

Appendix B:

Newspaper Index of WPA Newspaper Transcriptions.

Appendix C:

List of Books in the Marcus Christian Collection.

Series Descriptions


Art ([n.d.])

Includes art work, children’s drawings, etc., found throughout the collection.


Biographical Material on Marcus Christian ([n.d.], 1967-1975)

Contains biographical data pertaining to Marcus Christian, genealogy of the Christian family, and newsclippings concerning Marcus Christian.



Books and pamphlets from Marcus Christian’s personal collection.


Broadsides and Handbills ([n.d.], 1854, 1910-1976)

Materials pertaining to commercial advertising (notably including examples), neighborhood newspapers, and political statements.


Cassette Audiotapes ([n.d.])

Chiefly consisting of light classical music; one audiotape contains Marcus Christian’s reminiscences about his past, as well as lecturing to a poetry class.  A notation handwritten by Christian is also present.





Clippings ([n.d.], 1913-1976)

Nineteenth-century clippings include articles about the slave trade, sugar and cotton manufacturing, disease, and illustrations of New Orleans architecture.  Sources include both American and British serials.

Twentieth-century materials contain information about Negro athletes, musicians, the national and local economies, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People lawsuits, desegregation, education, and health care.  The materials appeared in various national and local publications.


Correspondence ([n.d.], 1913-1976)

Business correspondence from Louisiana Weekly, Pittsburgh Courier, Afro-American, New Orleans Daily States, New Orleans Item-Tribune, Arts Quarterly (Dillard University), The Crisis, Opportunity, New York Herald Tribune, and Phylon; letters written as director of the Dillard University Unit, WPA Louisiana Federal Writers’ Project, and as special lecturer in English and history at the University of New Orleans.  This series includes letters from Eleanor Roosevelt (January 8, 1947), John Blassingame, Arna Bontemps, Lyle Saxon, Langston Hughes, A. P. Tureaud, Benjamin Quarles, Sterling A. Brown, W. E. B. DuBois, W. C. Handy, and Herbert Aptheker.  There is also correspondence received from persons other than Christian.


Deep South Human Relations Seminar, Xavier University (April 1963)

Correspondence and workshop materials.


Diary, Notes, Business Cards ([n.d., ca. 1924-1973])

Marcus Christian’s diary, bound and unbound, includes miscellaneous and household notes, personal observations combined with segments of short stories, and an entry under Dark Record: Incidents in My Life.


Dillard University (1940-1970)

Includes press releases, exhibit announcements, and programs pertaining to Dillard events; articles compiled by Christian to be presented on Freedom’s People, dramatized educational broadcasts depicting Negro participation in American life; and papers generated by Christian as a member of the teaching faculty and the library staff.





Historical Source Materials ([n.d.], 1724-1967)

Includes both manuscript and published materials (original and photocopied) relative to the black experience in the United States.

Subseries XI.1  Bibliographies

Subseries XI.2  Business Records

Subseries XI.3  Government Documents (U.S.)

Subseries XI.4  City of New Orleans

Subseries XI.5  State of Louisiana

Subseries XI.6  Miscellany

Subseries XI.7  Notes, Excerpts from books

Subseries XI.8  Notes, Excerpts, and Articles

Subseries XI.9  Photographs

Subseries XI.10  Prints

Subseries XI.11  Research Data


Julius Rosenwald Fund (1939-1944)

Consists chiefly of publications, forms, and Marcus Christian’s “State­ment of Plan of Work.”


Literary and Historical Manuscripts ([n.d.], 1932-1975)

Subseries XIII.1  Historical Manuscripts by Christian

Prominent among these unpublished manuscripts is “A Black History of Louisiana.”

Subseries XIII.2  Literary Manuscripts by Christian


These manuscripts include articles for the Louisiana Weekly and other publications, 1175 poems, plays, and speeches, as well as a small quantity of poems by other writers.


Maps ([n.d.], 1775-1966)


Miscellany ([n.d.])

Personal and printed oddments.


Pamphlets, Programs, Reprints ([n.d.], 1929-1974)


Personal Photographs ([n.d.], 1911-1970)


Personal Records

Includes financial, medical, insurance, and business records.


Phonograph Recordings

Includes classical and mood music, and narratives about black history.



Records of Small Businesses Operated by Marcus Christian

Subseries XX.1  Bluebird Cleaners

Subseries XX.2  Newspaper Delivery Routes

Subseries XX.3  Southern Publishing Company


Scrapbooks ([n.d.], 1887-1948)

Contain newsclippings, chiefly from New Orleans newspapers; poems; book reviews; and reproductions of well-known paintings.




Serials ([n.d.], 1828-1976)


Sheet Music

Chiefly pieces published in New Orleans and/or written by Louisiana composers.



University of New Orleans Teaching Assignments ([n.d.], 1972-1975)

Includes university publications, lecture notes, tests, and student papers.


WPA Transcriptions of Negro Activities Chiefly from New Orleans News­papers ([ca. 1729-1941)

Consists chiefly of materials transcribed from New Orleans newspapers.


“A Black History of Louisiana,” Table of Contents


Newspaper Index of WPA Newspaper Transcriptions


List of Books in the Marcus Christian Collection

Container List


Series I. Art, [n.d.] (18 items).

1 box, OV. 

Artwork, children’s drawings, etc., found throughout the collection, [n.d.].


Series II. Biographical information on Marcus Christian, [n.d., 1967-1975] (1 folder).

Biographical data, [n.d.].

Genealogy of Christian family, [n.d.].

Serial clippings concerned with Marcus Christian, [n.d.], 1967-1975.

Series III. Books (822 items).

(See Appendix C for listings.)

Series IV. Broadsides and handbills, [n.d.], 1854, 1910-1976.

The series consists of materials exemplifying commercial advertising, neighborhood newspapers, and political statements.

Subseries IV.1: Advertisements.

1 box, OV.

Announcements of future events, [n.d., ca. 1933-ca. 1975].

Miscellaneous, [n.d.], [ca. 1963], [ca. 1965].

Neighborhood newspapers, [n.d.], 1954-1961.

Psychics and healers, [n.d.], 1947-[ca. 1961].

Subseries IV.2: Political statements.

[n.d., ca. 1910-1975].

Subseries IV.3: Proclamation by General Benjamin F. Butler, May 1, 1962.

Copy, [n.d.].


Series V. Cassette tapes, [19--] (1 folder).

The series consists of three audiotape cassettes: two presenting light classical music and one containing Christian’s reminiscences about his past and his lecture to a poetry class.  There is also a notation written in Christian’s hand.

Folder 1        [19- -].

Series VI. Clippings from American and English Publications, [n.d.], 1816-1976 (32

boxes and 1 oversized folder).

Nineteenth-century clippings include articles about the slave trade, sugar and cotton

manufacturing, and disease, and illustrations of New Orleans architecture.  The materials were

published in various American and British serials.

Twentieth-century materials contain information about Negro athletes, musicians, national and local economy, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) lawsuits, desegregation, education, and health care.  The materials appeared in various national and local publications.  Certain clippings from 1937 through 1968 were annotated by Marcus Christian.

Clippings are to be found also under “Marcus Christian Manuscripts,” “Household

Records”, “Southern Printing Publishing Company,” and “WPA Transcriptions from New Orleans Newspapers.”

Box 1          [n.d.].

Box 2          1816-1849.

Box 3          1850-1868.

Box 4          1873-1898.

Box 5          1904-1929.

Box 6          1930-1940.

Box 7          1941-1949.

Box 8          1950-1954.

Box 9          1955.

Box 10          January-June, 1956.

Box 11          July-December, 1956.

Box 12          1957.

Box 13          1958.

Box 14          January-June, 1959.

Box 15          July-December, 1959.

Box 16          January-July, 1960.

Box 17          August-December, 1960.

Box 18          January-June, 1961.

Box 19          July-December, 1961.

Box 20          January-June, 1962.

Box 21          July-December, 1962.

Box 22          January-June, 1963.

Box 23          July-December, 1963.

Box 24          1964.

Box 25          January-June, 1965.

Box 26          July-December, 1965.

Box 27          1966.

Box 28          1967.

Box 29          1968.

Box 30          1969.

Box 31          1970-1976.

Box 32           Annotated clippings, 1937-1968.

Box 33 OV     Oversized clippings, 1848-1864.


Series VII.  Correspondence, [n.d.], 1913-1976 (20 boxes).

Business correspondence from Louisiana Weekly, Pittsburgh Courier, Afro-American, New Orleans Daily States, New Orleans Item-Tribune, Arts Quarterly (Dillard University), The Crisis, Opportunity, New York Herald Tribune, and Phylon; letters written as director of the Dillard University Unit, WPA Louisiana Federal Writers’ Project, and as special lecturer in English and history at the University of New Orleans.  This series includes letters from Eleanor Roosevelt (January 8, 1947), John Blassingame, Arna Bontemps, Lyle Saxon, Langston Hughes, A. P. Tureaud, Benjamin Quarles, Sterling A. Brown, W. E. B. DuBois, W. C. Handy, and Herbert Aptheker.  There is also correspondence received from persons other than Christian.  Additional letters are to be found under “Personal House Records,” Records of Small Businesses Owned by M. Christian, “Published Articles by M. Christian,” and “A Study of Sales Approvals and Rebuffs Employed by White Businessmen of New Orleans for Negro Consumers.”

Box 1 -

Box 3          [n.d.].

Box 4          May 23, 1913 - July 12, 1939.

Box 5          July 15, 1939 - October 30, 1942.

Box 6          November 16, 1942 - February 14, 1945.

Box 7          February 17, 1945 - October 10, 1945.

Box 8          October 12, 1945 - December 30, 1948.

Box 9          January 11, 1949 - February 28, 1952.

Box 10          February 29, 1952 - August 20, 1954.

Box 11          August 24, 1954 - February 4, 1958.

Box 12          February 9, 1958 - April 9, 1960.

Box 13          April 11, 1960 - May 30, 1963.

Box 14          June 4, 1963 - December 29, 1966.

Box 15          January 1, 1967 - May 24, 1970.

Box 16          May 29, 1970 - August 10, 1971.

Box 17          August 11, 1971 - December 31, 1972.

Box 18          January 3, 1973 - April 22, 1974.

Box 19          April 30, 1974 - October 31, 1975.

Box 20          November 2, 1975 - October 15, 1976.

Series VIII.  Deep South Human Relations Seminar, 1963 (1 folder).

            Correspondence and workshop materials.

Folder 1         April 11-13, 1963.

Series IX.  Diary, Notes, Business Cards, [n.d., ca. 1924-1973] (2 boxes).

Marcus Christian’s diary, bound and unbound, includes miscellaneous and household notes, personal observations combined with segments of short stories, and an entry under Dark Record: Incidents in My Life.  Bound materials are not in chronological order because entries were not always recorded in sequential order.  (See also under “Household Records” and notes in “Historical Research.”)

For the most part, the contents of Box 1 is in fragile condition.

Box 1               Dark Record: Incidents in My Life.


                        Diary and notes.

                                    [n.d.], 1924, 1931.

                                    1928 - 1939.

                                    [ca. 1940s] - September 1, 1948.

                                    September 2, 1948 - August 15, 1951.

                                    December 2, 1949 - August 30, 1950.

                                    1942, 1952, 1953.

                                    August 18, 1951 - December 25, 1952.

                                    April 20, 1953 - August 30, 1954.

                                    September 4, 1954 - August 28, 1955.

                                    February 23, 1956 - October 5, 1959.

                                    June 2, 1960 - March 2, 1965.

                                    July 24, 1966 - September 26, 1966.

                                    August 14, 1965 - December 1966.

                                    1967 - [ca. 1970].

Box 2                 Notes by Marcus Christian and others, [n.d.], 1943-1969.

                                    Addresses and telephone numbers.


                                    Fragments of stories and ideas for future articles.

                                         [n.d.], 1945.

                                    Information on bookbinding, grammar, writing style, foreign languages.



                                         [n.d.], February 19, 1943 - March 23, 1969.


Series X.  Dillard University, 1940-1970 (1 box).

                        Amistad Research Center (Dillard University).

                                    [n.d.], 1970.

                        Press release.


                        Exhibit announcement and program, Mrs. Countee Cullen’s visit to the center.

                                    November 24, 1970.

                        “Dan Thompson Et. Cetera.”

                                    Christian file of correspondence, clippings, and notes concerning his relationship with Dr. Daniel Thompson.


                        Dillard University and the U.S. Department of Education.

                                    Articles compiled by Christian for use on Free­dom’s People, dramatized educational broad­casts on Negro participation in American life.  Includes information on Camille Thierry, Victor Séjour, Norbert Rillieux, Georges Alcès, James Derham, J. T. Newman, Alexander Chaumette, Cyprien Ricard, Eugene Warburg, Joseph Abeilard, Jules Abeilard, Langston Hughes.



                                         Various press releases, notes.

                                                [n.d.], 1947-1950.

                                    Spanish Institute of Dillard.

                                                [n.d.], 1953.

                                    Special lecturer in history.

                                         Papers including classroom memoranda and lecture notes used by Christian in his teaching assign­ments at Dillard.

                                                [n.d.], 1944-1950.

                                    William Alexander Library (2 folders).

                                         Materials generated while Marcus Christian was on the staff of Dillard University’s library.  Included are work schedules, correspondence, book lists, and catalogs.

                                                      [n.d.], 1949-1950.

Series XI.  Historical Source Materials; [n.d.], 1724-1967 (16 boxes, 1 portfolio).

Subseries XI.1: Bibliographies

Box 1              Howard, Paul E.  Books and Pamphlets by and about the Negro, 1939.

                      Listing of materials pertaining to black history, presumably compiled by Marcus Christian.


                      [Negro] Newspapers of Local Publication or of Local Circulation.


                      Unknown sources. 

                      Resource list, economic statistical tables concerned with negroes in New Orleans.


                      Unknown source.  Fragmentary book list.


                      Unknown source.  Southern Black Newspapers: Reconstruction to 1890.

Subseries XI.2: Business Records.

            The following manuscripts are original handwritten or printed documents, unless otherwise indicated.  The dates given are those listed on the documents

            Many documents are in fragile condition.




Box 2, OV     Bills of lading and receipts.


                      Contracts, acts of sale, powers of attorney.


                      Miscellaneous including slave sale records and fragments of manuscripts.


                      Statement of Accounts from various New Orleans merchants.

                                    [n.d.], 1832-1839.

                      Unknown source.  Account book, incomplete.


Subseries XI.3: Government Documents (United States).

Box 3            The Black Code.  Holographic copies in French and English.


                      Miscellaneous receipts.

                                    1846, 1847.

                      War Department.  Headquarters, Military Division of the Gulf.

                                    Circular No. 129 (July 25, 1865).

                                    Circular No. 7 (August 8, 1865).

Subseries XI.4: City of New Orleans.

Box 2, OV     Charity records - New Orleans City Council.

                                    [n.d.], 1825-1828.

                      Mandats de payement.

                                    [n.d.], 1814, [ca. 1825].

                      Mayor’s office records.

                                    [n.d.], 1809-1857.


                                    [n.d.], 1808-1825.

Box 3              New Orleans Census.


                      Ordinances, resolutions of City Council.

                                    [n.d.], 1817-1870.

                      Receipts and bills.


                      Reports of coffee houses.

                                    [n.d.], 1848.

Subseries XI.5: State of Louisiana

Box 3              Act of the Legislature relative to slaves and free colored persons.  Typescript.


                      Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.

                                    Circular No. 29 (December 4, 1865).

                                    Circular No. 7 (July 25, 1866).

                      Correspondence of Governor Francis T. Nicholls to Speaker and members of the House of Representatives.  Photocopy.

                                    July 7, 1890.

Box 2, OV     Election returns from the first registration under the Reconstruction Act of Congress, 1867, to the general election of November 7, 1876.  Handwritten copy.

                      Notary Public commission of Abel Dreyfous.  Photocopy.


                      Slave sale certificates.

                                    1836, 1833.

Box 4              Works Progress Administration.  Federal Writers’ Project.  Four ex-slave

                        studies (slave narratives).  Original and photocopies.

                                    Catherine Cornelius

                                    Louise Emily Williams Downs

                                    Louise Martin

                                    Martha Stewart


Subseries XI.6: Miscellany

                      Archives of Negro History.  Articles of Incorporation.  Photocopy.


Box 5            Bush v Orleans Parish School Board.  An Outline of Proceedings.


                      Chancellor, William E.  “To the Men and Women of New Orleans — An Open Letter.”  Photocopy.

                                    [ca. 1921].

Box 2, OV     Chronological [History] Map of the United States.


Box 5              Correspondence from Edmond Dédé with calling card.  Photocopy.

                                    [ca. 1894].

                      “Harris Dickson and Old Reliable.”  Flyer.


                      Douglas, Nils R.  “Who Was Louis A. Martinet.”  Photocopy.


                      David Fisher v William Bogel.  Fourth District Court.  Typescript.

                                    [ca. 1873].

                      “Incomplete Chronology of Efforts to Save the Site of the Battle of New Orleans . . . January 8, 1815.”  Photocopy.

                      Johnson, John E.  Republican State Central Committee of Louisiana.  Radio address delivered at WDSU, March 9, 1931.  Photocopy.

                      Louisiana Lottery tickets.

                                    1938, 1939.

                      Pan African Congress speeches.  Photocopy.


                      “Palace and Stockade of an African King Who Dealt in Slaves.”  Photocopy.


                      “Private Signal Code of a Slave Ship.”  Photocopy.


                      Rimesters Club.  Listing of individuals who attended meeting.

                                    [ca. 1932].

                      Tureaud, A. P.  “The Negro at the Louisiana Bar.”  Photocopy.

                                    [ca. 1953].

                      Unknown source.  French documents concerning slave trade from Senegal to the Americas.  Typescript.

                                    [ca. 1725-1750].

Subseries XI.7: Notes, Excerpts from Books.

Box 6              Arlington, Josie.  Hello, [ca. 1900].  Facsimile.

                      Barde, Alexandre.  Histoire des Comités de Vigilance aux Attakapas.  Saint-Jean-Baptiste, Lne.: Impr. du Meschacebe et de l’Avant-Coureur, 1861.  Excerpt.  Typescript.

                      Brown, Sterling A., Arthur P. Davis, and Ulysses Lee, eds.  The Negro                         Caravan.  New York, 1941.  Excerpt with notes.  Photocopy.

                      Desdunes, Rodolphe L.  Nos hommes et notre histoire.  Montreal, 1911.  Various English translations (5 folders).

                      Didimus, H.  New Orleans As I Found It, 1945.  Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      Gayarré, Charles.  History of Louisiana.  New Orleans, 1885.  Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      Gibson, John W.  Progress of a Race.  Naperville, Ill., 1920.  Fragments.  Photocopy.

                      Hosmer, James K.  The History of the Louisiana Purchase.  New York, 1902.  Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      King, Grace.  Creole Families of New Orleans.  New York, 1921.  Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      Lanusse, Armand.  Les cenelles.  New Orleans, 1845.  French with English translations.  Holograph and typescript.

Box 7              Phelps, Albert.  Louisiana: A Record of Expansion.  Boston, 1905. Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      Raynal, Abbé.  History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies.  Dublin, 1784.  Excerpts.  Photocopy.

                      Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of the State of Louisiana, 1837-1857.  Excerpt with notes.  Holograph.

                      Robin, C. C.  Voyage to Louisiana.  New Orleans, 1966.  Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      Sharp, Granville.  Extract of a Letter to a Gentleman in Maryland.  London, 1806.  Facsimile.

                      Simmons, William.  Men of Mark: Eminent, Progressive and Rising.  Cleveland, 1887.  Excerpts with notes.  Holograph.

                      Stoddard, Amos.  Sketches Historical and Descriptive of Louisiana.  Philadelphia, 1812.  Excerpts.  Typescript.

                      Tinker, Edward L.  Les écrits de langue française en Louisiane au XIX siècle.  Paris, 1933.  Excerpts.  Holograph and typescript.

Box 7              Wells, H. G.  Outline of History.  Garden City, N.Y., 1920.  Excerpts on American slavery.  Holograph.

                      Williams, Gomer.  History of the Liverpool Privateers.  Liverpool, 1897.  Excerpts.  Photocopy.

                      Wilson, Joseph T.  The Black Phalanx.  Hartford, 1891.  Excerpts.  Typescript and holograph.

                      Unknown source.  Fragments from books, [n.d.].  Photocopy.

                      Notes and lists concerned with free people of color from various New Orleans city directories, 1853-1860.  Holograph.

                      Notes with identifying citations, [n.d.].

                      Notes with identifying citations, damaged material; [n.d.].  Holograph.

Subseries XI.8: Notes, Excerpts, Articles from Serials, Booklets, and Theses.

Box 8              “Art in Colored Louisiana.”  New Orleans Tribune.  Articles, notes; [n.d.], 1862-1867.  Typescript (7 folders).

                      Bradford, S. Sidney.  “The Negro Ironworker in Ante Bellum Virginia.” Journal of Southern History, 1959.  Photocopy.

                      “Colored New Orleans.”  The Crisis (February 1916).  Photocopy.

                      DeCournay, P. F.  “The F.M.C.’s of Louisiana.”  Lippincott Monthly Magazine (April 1894).  Typescript.

                      Drake, St. Clair, and Horace R. Catton.  “Black Metropolis.”  [S.l., n.d.].  Photocopy.

                      Frazier, E. Franklin.  “Behind the Masks.”  [S.l., n.d.].  Photocopy.

                      History, Catholic Indigent Orphans’ Institute, [ca. 1915].  Typescript.

                      Landers, Ernest M.  “The Iron Industry in Ante Bellum South Carolina.” The Journal of Southern History, [n.d.].  Photocopy.

                      Lapedes and Burrows.  “Report of Recession — A Casebook.”  The National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, [n.d.].  Photocopy.

                      Martinez, Maurice M.  “The History of Education in Louisiana (1706 - the Present.”  Thesis, University of Michigan, 1969.  Photocopy.

                      Moniteur de la Louisiane (March 1808).  With notations.  Photocopy and holograph.

                      Tinker, Edward Larocque.  “Les cenelles.”  Part 3.  Colophon (July-September 1930).  Typescript.

                      Unknown source.  Fragments from various serials, [n.d.].  Photocopy.

                      Notes citing serials, booklets, and theses, [n.d.].  Typescript and holograph.

Subseries XI.9: Photographs.

Box 9              1-181, 196-238; Slides 1A-10A, 1B-10B.

Box 10            182-190, 192-195.

Portfolio         10A-Oversized 191.

196                 John Q. Adams.

197                 Rev. A. E. P. Albert.

Slide 1A         Richard Allen.

198                 G. W. Anderson.

1                      Marian Anderson.

76                    Martha B. Anderson.

199                 W. H. Anderson.

200                 Anti-Slavery Recorder.  Front cover.  July 1837.


2                      Colored Pythian Building.



194                 Dillard University.

182                 French Quarter - 516 Bourbon Street.

183                 French Quarter - Conti and Royal Streets.

184                 French Quarter - 425 Dauphine Street.

185                 French Quarter - 409 Royal Street.

186                 Gas Plant.

3                      Masonic Temple.

4                      Negro Farmer’s One Room Log Cabin.

187                 Perseverance B.M.A.A.

5                      Benjamin W. Arnett.

6                      Julian Talbot Bailey.

7                      Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett.

201                 Phillip A. Bell.

8                      R. C. O. Benjamin.

202                 Rev. Daniel S. Bentley.

9,  Slide 5A    Mary McLeod Bethune.

10                    Jesse Binga.

12                    Jas. A. Booker.

13                    Boston Massacre.

14                    J. W. E. Bowen.

15                    Mrs. J. W. E. Bowen.

16                    Eva D. Bowles.

17                    Robert F. Boyd.

18                    Calvin S. Brown.

144                 Charlotte Hawkins Brown.

19                    Resurrection of Henry “Box” Brown.

20                    Jere A. Brown.

21, 22             John Brown.

23                    John M. Brown.

191, OV          William G. Brown.

24                    William Wells Brown.

25                    Blanche Kelso Bruce.

26                    John Edward Bruce.

144                 Josephine B. Bruce.

27                    Ralph Bunche.

28                    A. A. Burleigh.

203                 Bishop Richard H. Cain.

204                 Abel P. Caldwell.

29                    Jabez Pitt Campbell.

30                    Wm. H. Carney.

31                    James G. Carter.

32                    George Washington Carver.

33                    William Calvin Chase.

34                    Henry P. Cheatham.

35, 36, 37,

38, Slides

1B-10B           Civil Rights, ca. 1960.

39, 40             Civil War.

41                    Rev. & Mrs. M. W. Clair.

42                    George W. Clinton.

43                    Cleota J. Collins.

44                    Edward Elder Cooper.

205                 Rev. L. J. Coppin.

96                    Cotton, Negroes picking.

206                 W. H. Councill.

45                    W. H. Crogman.

46                    Alexander Crummell.

207                 John C. Dancy.

47                    Richard De Baptiste.

208                 M. R. DeLaney.

48                    Robert C. Delarge.

49, Slide 3A  Frederick Douglass.

Slide 6A         W. E. B. DuBois.

50                    Paul Laurence Dunbar.

51                    John Durham.

52                    Robert Brown Elliott.

53                    “Jimmie” Europe.

209                 “Father Time.”

54                    Fisk Jubilee Singers.

55                    Henry Fitzbutler.

210                 T. Thomas Fortune.

56                    W. H. Franklin.

57                    Wm. H. Furness.

58                    Henry Highland Garnett.

59                    William Lloyd Garrison.

Slide 7A         Marcus Garvey.

211                 Rev. G. W. Gayles.

212                 Charles B. W. Gordon.

60                    Ulysses S. Grant.

61                    R. T. Greener.

62                    F. M. Hamilton.

63                    Mrs. F. E. W. Harper.

213                 B. T. Harvey.

64                    William H. Hastie.

65                    Roland W. Hayes.

66                    Lemuel Haynes.

164                 Wm. Hayward.

67                    Chas. Hendley.

68                    Augustus M. Hodges.

69                    J. Alexander Holmes.

70                    Albon L. Holsey.

71                    Solomon P. Hood.

72                    Charles A. Johnson.

73                    Edward Johnson.

74                    William H. Johnson.

188                 Anaise Jones.

214                 J. E. Jones.

75                    R. A. Jones.

76                    Mrs. M. S. Josenberger.

77, 78,

Slide 9A,

215                 Martin Luther King, Jr.

189, 190         Thomy Lafon.

79, 80             John Mercer Langston.

81                    J. H. Lawson.

82                    Benjamin F. Lee.

216                 E. H. Lipscombe.

217                 R. D. Littlejohn.

218                 Rev. W. S. Lowry.

83                    John R. Lynch.

84                    Antonio Maceo.

85                    A. N. McEwen.

86                    Annie M. Pope Malone.


Slide 10A       Thurgood Marshall

219                 John Mitchell, Jr.

220                 W. H. Mixon [?].

88                    John T. Morris.

221                 Mrs. N. F. Mossell.

89                    Robert Russia Moton.

Slide 8A         Elijah Muhammed.

90                    Cyrus Myers.

91                    J. C. Napier.

92                    Richard Nelson.

195                 New Orleans States Newspaper Page re: September 14, 1874 Incident.

93                    E. W. S. Peck.

199                 B. B. Pelham.

222                 Christopher J. Perry.

94                    Wendell Phillips

95                    William Pickens

97                    P. B. S. Pinchback

98                    Ida Platt

223                 Rev. J. C. Price.

224                 Charles B. Ray.

225                 J. Randall Reid.

99, 100           Hiram Revels.

101                 Hiram Revels with Charles Sumner.

102                 R. W. Rose.

103                 H. A. Rucker.

104                 Daniel A. Rudd.

105                 S. D. Russell.

106                 John B. Russwurm.

107                 W. Scarborough.

226                 W. S. Scott.

108                 J. T. Settle.

227                 Rev. W. J. Simmons.


109                 Slavery.

110                 Capturing Slaves.

111, 112,

113                 Ex-Slave.

114                 Grandchildren of Slaves.

115                 Slave Ship.

116                 Slave Traders Marching Their Captives to the Coast.

117                 Left by Slave Traders To Their Fate.

118                 Desperate Conflict in a Barn - “Underground Railroad.”

119                 Whipping a Slave in Washington, D.C.

120                 Robert Smalls.

121                 James McCune Smith.

122                 Jeremiah R. B. Smith.

123                 W. C. Smith.

124                 Southern Industry.

125                 Spanish-American War.

228                 James J. Spelman.

126, 127         Spelman Seminary.

229                 George E. Stephens.

128                 Charles Carroll Stewart.

73                    G. H. Stewart.

230                 Rev. T. G. Stewart.

129, 130         Charity Still.

131                 James T. Still.

132                 “A Stitch in Time Saves Nine.”  Photograph of Negro family scene.

133                 Harriet Beecher Stowe.

199                 Walter H. Stowers.

134                 D. Augustus Straker.

135                 J. Gordon Street.

136                 C. C. Stumm.

101, 137         Charles Sumner.

138                 W. Allison Sweeney.

139, 231         Benjamin Tucker Tanner.

140                 C. H. J. Taylor.

141                 H. Coleridge Taylor.

232                 Marshall W. Taylor.

142                 Robert T. Teamoh.

143, 144         Mary Church Terrell.

145                 Edward Loften Thornton.

146                 William Boden Townsend.

147                 Frank Trigg.


Slide 2A         Harriet Tubman.

149                 Benjamin S. Turner.

150                 Henry McNeal Turner.

151                 S. B. Turner.

                        Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northrup.

152, 153,

154                 Solomon Northrup.

155                 Flogging of the Girl Patsey - Slave Punishment.

156                 Separation of Mother and Child.

157                 Underground Railroad.

76                    Mrs. C. J. Walker.

158                 Charles T. Walker.

233                 John L. Walker.

159                 Josiah T. Walls.


Slide 4A         Booker T. Washington.

161                 Mrs. Booker T. Washington.

162                 Phillis Wheatley.

163                 Lloyd G. Wheeler.

234                 William Whipper.

164                 Bert Williams.

165                 Daniel B. Williams.

166                 E. A. Williams.

167                 Fannie Barrier Williams.

144                 Sylvania F. Williams.

235                 John H. Williamson.

168                 Henry Wilson.

236                 Col. Joseph T. Wilson.

                        World War I.

169                 Colored Soldiers in the Trenches.

170                 Convalescing Wounded Soldiers.

171                 Moments Which Live Forever in the Memory of Man: Railroad departure of

Negro troops.

172                 Negro Troops on the March in France.

173                 One of the First American Prisoners in a German Prison Camp.

174                 U.S. Flag & 369th Regimental Colors.

175                 Watching a German Airplane at Mess Time.

176                 C. E. Yarboro.

177                 Charles Young.


237                 No Identification.

238                 Damaged Photographs.

Subseries XI.10: Prints.

Box 2, OV      “Additions to Book.”  Unknown source, [n.d.].  2 pp.

                        Bienville, [Jean Baptiste le Moyne, Sieur de].  Unknown source, [n.d.].

                        “Book Illustrations.”  Unknown source, [n.d.].  3 pp.

                        “Cuts for Broadsides.”  Unknown source, [n.d.].  2 pp.

                        Desdunes, Rodolphe L., and L. Roudanez.  Nos hommes et notre histoire.  Montreal, 1911.  4 photocopies.

                        “Extract from the Reconstructed Constitution of the State of Louisiana with Portraits of the Distinguished Members of the Convention and Assembly,” [ca. 1868].

                        Nurse of the Carrol family, [ca. 1855].  Photocopy.

                        Pacification of the Maroon Negroes.  By Augustino Brunyas; January 1, 1801.

                        Slaves Shipping Cotton by Torch-Light, Rivers Alabama; [n.d.].

                        Spanish Custom House, [n.d.].

                        “Tender Shadows” [Waverly Plantation, n.d.].

                        “Under the Spreading Oaks” [Rienzi Plantation, n.d.].

Subseries XI.11: Research Data.

            Compiled by Marcus Christian under subject headings.  Some folders are voluminous and contain original records; others contain only fragmentary materials.  Also included are research data located under “Correspondence.”

Box 11            Banneker, Benjamin.

                        “Bras Coupé” (Squire).

                        Brown, Sterling A.

                        Bruce, Blanche K.

                        Charles, Robert.


                        The Constitutional Convention [Louisiana] of 1867-1868.

                        Couvent, Marie.

                        Crockere, Basile.

                        DeLille, Henriette.

                        Dejoie Family.

                        Demas, Henry.

                        The Free Negro in Art.

                        Lambert, Charles.

                        Laveau, Marie, and Voodooism.

Box 11            Les cenelles.

                        Macarty, Victor Eugene.

                        Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College.

Box 12            McDonogh, John (3 folders).

                        Mardi Gras.

                        Mardi Gras Ball Invitations.

                        Melrose Plantation — Henry and Metoyer Families (2 folders).

Box 16            Miscellaneous card file arranged by subject matter.

Box 12            Mississippi Steamboat Races.

                        Moore Family [Alice Dunbar Moore] and contemporaries.

                        Moore Family Invitations.  Issued by organizations and individuals for social functions held in New Orleans but including Opelousas, Louisiana and Pass Christian, Mississippi.

Box 15            [n.d.], 1885-1895, 1960, 1961.

                        Negro Culture in New Orleans, 1860-1880.

Box 12            “Negro Ills and Medicine (La. Especially).”

                        “New Orleans Ironwork.”

                        Noble, Jordan B.

                        Pandelly Case.

                        Republican Party Politics in St. John the Baptist and St. Charles Parishes


                        Rillieux Brothers.

                        Savary, Joseph.

                        Saxon, Lyle.

                        School desegregation.

                        Sex and Drugs.

                        Slave Sales and Slave Trade.

Box 13            Soule, Wesley and Winans Chapels records, including early Baptist and Methodist churches in Louisiana.

Box 14            “A Study of Sales Approaches and Rebuffs Employed by White Businesses of New Orleans for Negro Consumers.”

                        Straight University.

                        Study of Extra-Legal Marital Relationships between whites and Negroes in Antebellum Louisiana.

                        Study of Integration Patterns in Neighborhoods.

                        Warburg Brothers.

                        Williams, Bert.

Series XII.  Julius Rosenwald Funds; [n.d.], 1939-1944 (1 folder).                       

Embree, Edwin R.  Julius Rosenwald Fund: Review for the Two-Year Period 1942-1944.  Chicago, 1944.

                        Fellowship forms.


                        Payment Vouchers.


                        “Statement of Plan of Work.”  Marcus Christian.


Series XIII.  Literary and Historical Manuscripts by Marcus Christian (36 boxes).

Many items in this series are in fragile condition.

Subseries XIII.1: Historical Manuscripts.

                        “Crispus Attucks.”

Box 1              Research notes, newspaper clippings, correspondence, book catalogs.

                        [n.d.], 1955-1957 (5 folders).

Boxes 2-11    Unpublished manuscript “A Black History of Louisiana,” by Marcus Christian (one bound volume, preliminary drafts, fragments with bibliographies, footnotes, and research notes, ca. 1938-1976); negative and positive microfilms as well as a hard copy of “A Black History of Louisiana” with descriptive index.  It was filmed by Special Collections, Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans.  Unpublished manuscript, “Black New Orleans, 1718-1938: Part I to 1860,” Dillard University Unit, Works Progress Administration (WPA), Louisiana Writers’ Project; with typescript critique probably by M. Christian, [ca. 1938].

                      “Black New Orleans, 1718-1938: Part I to 1860,” Dillard University Unit, Works Progress Administration (WPA), Louisiana Writers’ Project.  Partial manuscript (121 pages), bibliography, footnotes, and critique.

Box 2              [ca. 1938].

                       Bound fragments of unfinished manuscript on Louisiana history from a black perspective (extremely fragile).

Box 3              [n.d.].

                       The following materials are from the unpublished manuscript by Marcus Christian, “A Black History of Louisiana,” [ca. 1938-1975].Bound volume, over 1,000 pages (extremely fragile).

Box 4              [ca. 1938-1975].

Box 5              Microfilm of manuscript with descriptive index.  Filmed by Special Collections, Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans.  (See boxes 5A, 5B for hard copy of manuscript.)  1 folder for each topic unless otherwise indicated.

Box 6              Outline of manuscript.


                        Chapter headings with related notes.

                        “Miscellaneous notes; consult before writing each chapter” (3 folders).

                        Chapter 1, “Concessions and Forced White Labor in Early Louisiana.”  3 copies, notes and background information (2 folders).

                        Chapter 2, “Slave Buying, Selling and Stealing.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 3, “Slave Occupations.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 4, “Slave Fare and Cuisine.”  2 copies.

                        Chapter 5, “Slave Clothing.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 6, “Slave Health, Remedies, and Hos­pitalization.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 7, “Slave Housing.”  2 copies, preliminary draft, notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 8, “Slave Life.”  2 copies and notes.

Box 7              Chapter 9, “The Creole Dialect.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 10, “Folklore of French- and English-speaking Negroes of Louisiana.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 11, “Voodooism and Mumbo-Jumbo.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 12, “Some Prominent Cult Leaders of New Orleans.”  2 copies.

                        Chapter 13, “Street-Vendors and Street-Cries.”  1 copy and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 14, “Negro Dances.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 15, “Manumission and Colonization Schemes.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 16, “Insurrection, Abolition, and the Under­ground Railroad.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 17, “Regulations and Punishments of Slaves and Free Colored.” 2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 18, “The Free Colored Class of Louisiana.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

Box 8              Chapter 19, “Taxation Without Representation.”  2 copies and notes.

                        Chapter 20, “The Negro Church in Louisiana.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 21, “Negro Education.”  2 copies, notes and critique (2 folders).

                        Chapter 22, “Negro Periodicals, Literature, and Art in Louisiana.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 23, “Negro Painters, Sculptors, Architects, and Craftsmen.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 24, “The Negro and the Theater.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 25, “The Negro as a Soldier, 1729-1860.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 26, “The Negro as a Soldier, 1861-1865.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

Box 9              Chapter 27, “Ballots or Bullets.”  1 copy and notes.

                        Chapter 28, “The Mechanics’ Hall Riot of 1866.”  1 copy and notes.

                        Chapter 29, “Let Freedom Ring.”  1 copy and notes.

                        Chapter 30, “Negro Labor.”  1 copy, preliminary drafts and notes (4 folders).

                        Chapter 31, “Soldiers of the Cross,” 1 copy and notes.

                        Chapter 32, “Negro Education, 1861-1900.”  2 copies and notes.

                        Chapter 33, “Organized Negro Labor.”  2 copies, notes and newspaper clippings.

                        Chapter 34, “Trades and Occupations, 1900-1930.”  2 copies.

Box 10            Chapter 35, “Farm and Rural Labor, 1900-1930.”  2 copies.

                        Chapter 36, “Health and Hospitalization, 1872-1942.”  2 copies and research materials (2 folders).

                        Chapter 37, “Housing, 1900-1942.”  2 copies.

                        Chapter 38, “Churches, 1904-1942.”  2 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 39, “Education, 1900-1942.”  3 copies, preliminary drafts and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 40, “Business and Professions, 1900-1930.”  3 copies and newspaper clipping.

                        Chapter 41, “Sports and Recreation, 1900-1942.”  3 copies.

                        Chapter 42, “Carnival Groups and Social, Aid and Pleasure Clubs.”  4 copies and notes.

                        Chapter 43, “Lady Luck, Be Kind.”  4 copies, research material and notes.

                        Chapter 44, “South Rampart Street.”  4 copies and notes.

                        Chapter 45, “Stay in Your Own Back Yard, - 1900.”  3 copies and notes (2 folders).

                        Chapter 46, “Negro Suffrage, 1900-1940,”  3 copies and notes (2 folders).

Box 11            Notes by M. Christian explaining rationale for changes made in bound unpublished manuscript.

                        Possible chapters omitted from “A Black History of Louisiana.”

                                   “The African Slave Trade.”  1 copy.

                                   “A Dollar a Day or Kansas.”  1 copy, preliminary draft, notes (2 folders).

                                   “Beginnings of the African Slave Trade.”  1 copy and notes (2 folders).

                                   “Educated in Paris and the U.S.A.”  2 copies, pre­liminary draft and notes (2 folders).

                                   “Free Labor.”  1 copy.

                                   “Good Masters -- Good Slaves.”  2 copies, preliminary drafts, notes (3 folders).

                                   “Human Bondage.”  1 copy and notes.

                                   “Jack-Of-All-Trades.”  2 copies and notes.

                                   “Leaving Home.”  3 copies, preliminary drafts and notes (2 folders).

                                   “Let’s Organize.”  2 copies.

                                   “Modern Negroes -- Politics.”  1 copy.

Box 11 A        “Negro Workers in the Shipbuilding Industry of Louisiana, 1720-1820.”  1 copy, preliminary drafts and notes (3 folders).

                       “Sold by Drumbeat and Candlelight.”  2 copies, preliminary drafts and notes (2 folders).

                       “Stay In Your Own Back Yard, 1900-1945.”  4 copies, preliminary drafts and notes.

                       “Still Fighting 1898-1900.”  7 copies.

                       “The World’s Greatest Slave Market.”  3 copies, preliminary drafts and notes (3 folders).

Box 12            Chalmette National Historical Park: Notes on Negro Soldiers in the Battle of New Orleans, [ca. 1976].

                        “Communism Versus Capitalism.”  Article, notes, correspondence.

                        [n.d.], 1932, 1937.

                        “Creoles of Louisiana.”  Articles, notes.

                        [n.d.], 1953.

                        “The Demand of Free Men of Color for Full Citizenship Rights in the Territory of Orleans.”  Article.


                        Dictionary of American Negro Biography.

                       Six biographical sketches with drafts and notes prepared for the publication by Christian.  File includes information on Augusta Savage, Basile Barès, Edmond Dédé, Lucien Lambert, Etienne LaRue, Victor-Eugene Macarty, Joseph Savary, and Samuel Snaer, Jr.  (See also Correspondence.)


                        George Doyle.  Article, research materials.


                        Ebony Magazine.  Articles, research notes concerning “passe pour blanc” submitted to Ebony, along with correspondence.

                        [n.d.], 1956.

                        “Errata on Thomy Lafon.”  Article.


                        “The Free Negro in Ante-Bellum Louisiana.”  Book Review by Marcus Christian.

                        “Free People of Color.”  Unpublished booklet, galley proofs.


                        Genealogy, [ca. 1936-1940].

                       Unpublished manuscript dealing with free people of color in Louisiana.  These fragile materials have been placed in the following original chapter headings suggested by M. Christian.

Box 13            Preface, pp. 1-14.

                                   “The Beginnings of the Free Colored Class,” pp. 1-64 (2 folders).

                                   “The Free Colored Group During the Civil War,” pp. 65-77.

                                   “The Free Colored Groups Prior to Reconstruction,” pp. 78-100; p. 88 lacking.

                                   “The Creoles of Louisiana,” pp. 1-45 (2 folders).

                                   “The Creoles of Louisiana during the Civil War: the Fall of New Orleans,” pp. 46-66; chapter endnotes, pp. 1-7.

                                   “The Creoles of Louisiana during the Civil War: Banks and Free Negro Suffrage,” pp. 67-68, 81-88; chapter endnotes, pp. 3, 8-18.

                                   “The Creoles of Louisiana Prior to Reconstruction: Free Negro Status in Wealth, Occupations and Culture,” pp. 89-123; chapter endnotes, pp. 1-12 (3 folders).

Box 14                        “The Creoles of Louisiana during Reconstruction: Mixed-Bloods in Local and State Politics,” pp. 117-124, 126-138; chapter endnotes, pp. 1-5.

                                   “The Creoles of Louisiana: White Men and Negro Women,” pp. 139-204; p. 178 lacking; chapter endnotes, pp. 1-10 (3 folders).

                                   “The Creoles of Louisiana: Appendix 1,” pp. 1-7; endnotes, pp. 1, 2.

                                   “Art Forms By the Colored Artists of Louisiana,” pp. 1-7; chapter endnotes, pp. 1, 2.

                                   “Contributing Factors in Miscegenation,” pp. 294, 296-297; chapter endnotes, pp. 1-4.

                                   “Negro Men and White Women”; chapter endnotes, pp. 1-4.

                                   Genealogical studies of certain Louisiana families.

                                   Miscellaneous endnotes.

                                   Miscellaneous notes (3 folders).

Box 16            “Hermes Protest Meeting.”  Article; newspaper clippings; pamphlet, Interstate Jim Crow Cars Abolished.

                                   [ca. 1937].

Box 15            “History of Flint-Goodridge Hospital,” [ca. 1940].

                                   Sixty-four-page draft with endnotes.

                                   Forty-four-page draft.

                                   Forty-one-page draft.

                                   Research notes (2 folders).

                                   “History of Flint-Goodridge Hospital,” mimeographed document.  Source unknown.

Box 16            “Japan--White World Frankenstein.”


                        “John Henry--A Study of Fact and Folklore.”  Article, research materials.

                                   [ca. 1945].

                        John Murrell.  Unfinished article, newspaper clipping notes.

                                   [ca. 1959].

                        “Jordan Noble.”  Article, drafts, notes.


                        “A Louisiana Hayride--With Almost No Negroes.”  Book review of Louisiana Hayride by Harnett T. Kane.


Box 17            Louisiana Weekly, 1932-1957.

                                   Marcus Christian contributed articles and poems to Louisiana Weekly from 1932 until 1957.  The following folders contain copies of articles, research materials, and drafts.  Flexowriter tapes used by the newspaper in reproducing these articles are included, as well as copies of Louisiana Negroes, a booklet prepared by Christian consisting of reprints of his newspaper articles.

                        Louisiana Negroes, 1967.

                        Miscellaneous reprints of Louisiana Weekly articles by Marcus Christian.  3 copies.

                        Miscellaneous notes and financial statements to Louisiana Weekly.

                                    [n.d.], 1947-1960.

                        Unpublished articles and fragments written for Louisiana Weekly.

                                    [n.d.], 1955-1957.

                        “Along the Integration Front: Integration’s Progress in Southern States.”  Part I: April 6, 1957; Part II: May 18, 1957; Part III: May 25, 1957 (3 folders).

                        “Ancestry of Citizen Councilmen and Southern Gentlemen.”  August 18, 1956.

                        “Are Louisiana Negroes Satisfied With Bus and Street-Car Segre­ga­tion?”  January 12, 1975.

                        “Boycott, Suit, or Appeal to Brownell.”  February 9, 1957.

                        “Bus, Street-Car and Carrier Segregation in Louisiana.”  December 1, 1956.

                        “Comments Here and There: Captain André Cailloux.”  August 3, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: Colonel Joseph Savary--Free Man of Color.”  October 26, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: General Jackson and the Free People of Color.”  September 14, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: General Jackson’s Appeal to Free Men of Color.”  December 7, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: Governor Claiborne Organizes the Free Colored Battalions.”  October 12, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: The Glory of Port Hudson.”  July 27, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: Memorandum for January 8.”  January 18, 1958.

                        “Comments Here and There: The Negroes March Into Battle.”  December 14, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: Quo Vadis, O My State?”  June 9, 1956.

                        “Comments Here and There: Color Sergeant Planciancois ‘Iron Man.’”  August 17, 1957.

                        “Comments Here and There: Who Shot General Pakenham?”  January 4, 1958.

                        “Dixiecrat Segregation--Idiot’s Delight.”  January 19, 1957.

                        “Dream of an African Ex-slave.”  Part I: February 12, 1938.

                        “Free Negroes Prior to the Battle of New Orleans.”  September 7, 1957.

                        “From Segregation to Blind Murder.”  January 26, 1957.

                        “Great Figures in Louisiana History: William G. Brown.”  Part I: April 2, 1938; Part II: April 9, 1938; Part III: April 16, 1938.

                        “In Their Fight for Civil Rights: The Proud Record of Louisiana Negroes.”  July 7, 1956.

                        “John M. Harlan--The Dissenter.”  January 5, 1957.

   “LSU: Descendant of Integrated Colleges.”  June 30, 1956.

                        “Let Us Tell the World.”  April 13, 1957.

                        “Letter from Uncle Tom.”  June 15, 1957.

                        “Liberals Vs. Racists in Interracial Sports.”  August 4, 1956.

                        “Louise DeMortie--Humanitarian.”  Part I: January 15, 1938; Part II: January 22, 1938.

                        “Louisiana Lunch Counter Sit-Ins Old and New.”  Part I: September 17, 1960; Part II: September 24, 1960; Part III: October 1, 1960; Part IV: October 8, 1960; Part V: October 15, 1960; Part VI: October 22, 1960; Part VII: October 29, 1960; Part VIII: November 5, 1960.

                        “Names for Schools and Babies.”  January 1, 1938.

                        “The New Orleans Tribune--The Amazing Free Colored Journal.”  Part I: July 31, 1937; Part II: August 7, 1937; Part III: August 14, 1937.

                        “Perpetuate His Name.”  December 26, 1937.

                        “Plessy v. Ferguson; Most Historic Case.”  December 8, 1956.

                        “School Integration or Blood Integration--Which?”  July 14, 1956.

                        “She Stooped and Conquered: ‘Passe Pour Blanche’ Fools White Husband.”  May 26, 1956.

                        “Tales Told by an African.”  June 22, 1957.

                        “The Vulnerable Position of NOPSI.”  February 2, 1957.

                        “We Were Not There.”  March 30, 1957.

                        “Whites By Law--Whites By God.”  May 5, 1956.

                        Flexowriter tapes used by Louisiana Weekly to reproduce articles by Marcus Christian.

Box 18            “Col. Joseph Savary--Free Man of Color.”  1 tape.

                        “Comments Here and There.”  3 tapes.

                        “David Fisher v. Wm. Boyd.”  8 tapes.

Box 19            “Free Negroes in Early Louisiana History.”  3 tapes.

                        “Gov. Clark Organized Free Colored Battalion.”  1 tape.

                        “Sit-Ins.”  1 tape.

                        “Who Shot Gen. Pakenham.”  1 tape.

Box 20            Unidentified Flexowriter tapes, unattached Flexowriter label.

Box 16            “Marigny’s Fatal Crevasse.”  [n.d.]  Outline for article, clippings, research material.  (Found with insect-infested materials which had to be discarded.)

                        “Men with their Right Hands in their Pockets.”  Article, research materials on philanthropic free people of color in New Orleans.

                        “The Nation’s Battle to Stamp Out Social Disease.”  [n.d.]

Box 24            “The Negro and His Religion.”  [n.d.]

Box 16            “Negro Commercial Dynasties of Louisiana.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Negro in Education.”  [n.d.]

Box 24            “Negro Ironworkers of Old New Orleans, 1718-1900.”  [n.d.]

                        Negro Ironworkers of Louisiana, 1718-1900, 1973 (28 folders).

Box 21          Manuscript pages not used in published text, ca. 1970-1972.

                     Manuscripts of text, introduction, appendix; related correspondence; ca. 1970-1972.

Box 22            Drafts and research notes, newspaper clippings; [n.d.]

Box 16            “The Negro Press.”  [n.d.]

Box 23           Negro Soldiers in the Battle of New Orleans, 1965.  Bound copy, drafts, research notes (3 folders).

Box 24            “A New Appreciation of Dunbar.”  [n.d.]

                        “New Orleans.”  Part III.  [n.d.]

                        “New Orleans As It Was, Is, and Is Not.”  [n.d.]

                        “New Orleans--City of Ghosts.”  [n.d.]

                        “Oscar James Dunn.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Poisoning of Oscar J. Dunn.”  Phylon 6.3 (1945) (2 folders).

                        “Prophet Without Honor.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Real John Henry.”  [n.d.] (2 folders).

                        “Scottsboro At Sunset.”  [n.d.]

                        “Voodooism and Mumbo-Jumbo” (book review).  [n.d.]

                        “William G. Brown.”  [n.d.]

                        “Zamba’s Plot.”  [n.d.]

                        Unknown source--reference notes.  [n.d.]

Subseries XIII.2: Literary Manuscripts.


Box 25            “An Antebellum Legend.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Award.”  [n.d.]

                        “Big City Mural.”  [n.d.]

                        “CWA Man.”  [n.d.]

                        “Children of Bondage.”  [n.d.]

                        “Coroner’s Report.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Flag of Color.”  [n.d.]

                        “Georgia Chain Gang.”  1932.

                        “Gravel and Dynamite.”  [n.d.]

                        “Harlem Shadows.”  [n.d.]

                        “I Garcia.”  [n.d.]

                        “Juke Box Gal.”  [n.d.]

                        “Keeper of the Seal.”  [n.d.]

                        “Master of Fountainbleau.”  [n.d.]

                        “One Child’s Prayer.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Prince of Peace.”  [n.d.]

                        “Sandlewood Box.”  [n.d.]

                        “Shanty Irish.”  [n.d.]

                        “Southern Idyll.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Strafed City.”  [n.d.]

                        “Tales from a Pressing Parlour.”  [n.d.]

                        “Sweatbox.”  [n.d.]

                        Untitled articles.  2 unfinished drafts.  [n.d.]

                        Untitled article.  Commentary on Goodbye to Uncle Tom by J. C. Furnas.  [ca. 1971]

                        “The Vagabond Poet.”  [n.d.]

                        “The Vinegar Barrel.”  [n.d.]

                        “We Build the Cities.”  [n.d.]

                        “What Price Negro Blood.”  [n.d.]

                        “Yellow Fever.”  [n.d.]

                        Manuscript fragments.  Unknown source.


1175 poems by Marcus Christian; 75 poems by others; 2 anthologies.  

Most poems are in fragile condition.  Additional poems by Christian are scattered throughout the collection.

Box 26                       

“The Accuser”

“The Acorn”



“Adios: To Jose and Ana”


“Advice to a Young Man”

“Advice to All Lovelies”

“Advice to Killer Nations”

“Africa Salutes the Flag”

“The African” (3 pieces)

“African Drummer” (2 pieces)

“African Idol.”  See “L’il Willie”

“After Cullen”

“After the Pall” (3 pieces)

“After the Years” (3 pieces)

“After Three Years”

“Aftermath” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“Aftermath” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“Ah Wrote Ma Love.”  See “Camp Meeting Chant”

“‘Ah’ll Be Free. . .’”

“Ahm Longin fer Mah Loozianah Home”

“Ain’t Nothin’ Else for a Zigaboo to Do”

“The Alarum” (4 pieces)

“All in a Fog About You”

“The All-Seeing Eyes”


“‘Always at Midnight She Walks. . .’”

“‘Always Toast Bread. . .’”

“American Tragedy” (3 pieces)

“Anent the Anvil Chorus”

“Angel of Beauregard Square”

“The Anointed”

“Antique Dealer”

“’Any white man likes me. . .’”

“Appeal to Caesar” (4 pieces)

“Appeal to Reason” (3 pieces)

“Appeal to William Pitt” (4 pieces)

“Apprenticeship” (2 pieces)

“April Breezes”

“April’s Wind”

“Archaic Rendition”

“’Are You Listenin?’”

“Ariel and Caliban” (2 pieces)

“Armistice” (3 pieces)

“Art for Art’s Sake”

“As the Crow Flies”

“At Sea”

“At the Barrier”

“At the Cross-roads” (6 pieces)

“At the Long Road’s Turning”

“Athiest’s Birth” (2 pieces) [i.e., “Atheist’s Birth”]

“August Fantasy”

“The Autumn Cat”

“The Autumn Man to the Springtime Eve” (See “To Eve”)

“Autumn Song”

“Au ‘voir”

“Ave Maria” (2 versions)

“Azaleas in January”


“The Baby with Two Mah-Mahs”

“Baccalaureate Sermon”

“Bachelor Thoughts”

“Bachelor’s Apartment”

“Bachelor’s Baby”

“Bachelor’s Query.”  See “Barriers”

“Ballad of Baltimore John” (3 pieces)

“The Ballad of Galileo (The Florentine)” (3 pieces)

“The Ballad of Rebellious Men”

“Baltimoh Blues”

“Balto” (3 pieces)



“Battalion of the Damned” (6 pieces)

“The Battle of September 14, 1874” (2 pieces)

“The Beast Within”


“Beauty and Beasts” (7 pieces)

“A Bedtime Prayer”

“Beggar’s Gold”


“Beleaguered Men”

“‘Berlin Calling’”


“Beulah Is Better than George. . .”

“Beyond the Gates of Death”

“Big City Mural”

“The Big Dog” (2 pieces)

“The Big Dog’s Daughter”

“Big Man Fum-Da Souf”

“‘Big trees bowin’ fo’ d’ win’. . .’”

“Bill of Specifications”

“A Bird’s Song at Dawn”

“Black Berries!”  missing 3/13/99  fmj

“Black Bull-Dog White Kitten-Friendship” (2 pieces)

“A Black Dream at White Dawn”

“Black Harlot” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“Black Harlot” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“A Black Man Builds His House” (2 pieces)

“A Black Man Muses” (4 pieces)

“Black Man’s Prayer” (2 pieces)

“Black Man’s Song” (2 pieces)

“A Black Man’s Way” (2 pieces)

“Black Night”

“The Black Oath”

“Black Pagglacia”

“Black Patrician”

“Black Ristercrats”

“Black Singers” (3 versions)

“Black Sophistry (A Dialogue)” (4 pieces)

“Black Spider” (2 pieces)

“Blackbird’s Song”


“Bleeding Heart”

“The Blind Cry” (2 pieces)

“Blind Night”

“Blood of the Gypsy”

“Blowing Bubbles” (2 pieces)

“Blue Boy”


“Bought Nigger”

“Bourbon Street Rendezvous”

“Bow Down Nigger, Bow Down” (2 pieces)

“Brain Etchings”

“Brief Holiday”

“Brief Interlude”

“Brief Summer”

“Broken Men”

“Brother Jew”

“Brother Jones’ Dream”

“The Brother of Little Boy Blue” (2 pieces)

“Brown America”

“Brown Girl” (4 pieces) (different from poem of same title listed below)

“Brown Girl” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“Brown Lorrelei” [i.e., “Black Lorelei”]]

“Brown--Or Did We Burn It Black. . .”

“Brown-Skin Baby Blues”

“Bubble-blower.”  See “The Three Wise Men”

“The Builder”

“Builders of the State”

“Bunnytown” (2 pieces)

“‘But when night comes. . .’”

“CWA Man”  missing 3/13/99  fmj

“Caesar’s Dog”

“Caliban’s Labors”

“The Call”

“Call for Gonsales”

“The Call of Spring” (5 pieces)

“Call on Virgin Mary.”  See “‘Always at Midnight She Walks. . .’”

“‘Call that anything else but love. . .’”

“Call to the Northland”

“Calling, Calling”

“The Camera-Typewriter”

“Camp Meeting Chant”

“Canal Street at Noon” (2 pieces)

“Carnival Torch-Bearer” (5 pieces)

“Carry On!”

“Castle of My Dreams”

“Cat Weather”


“Chained Love.”  See “Puppets of Fate”

“The Challenge” (2 pieces)

“Changing Cycles”

“Changing Youth”

“Chant of the Vigilantes” (3 pieces)

“The Charcoal Man”

“The Chasm”

“Chicken! Yum-Yum.”  See “Chu Chin Chow” (2 pieces)

“The Cheiftain’s Lament” [i.e., “The Chieftain’s Lament”]

“Children’s Ditty”

“Chinatown Dream”

“Christmas Cradle Song (For Roberta)” (3 pieces)

“Christmas Lane Lullaby”

“Christmas, 1932”

“Christmas, 1942”

“Christmas Paen” [i.e., Christmas Paean”]

“A Christmas Prayer” (2 pieces)

“A Christmas Story”

“Christmas Weather”

“Chu Chin Chow”

“Church Angel”

“City Hall Archives”

“City Share-cropper” (2 pieces)

“Civil War Issue”

“Clair de Lune” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“Clair de Lune” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“Class Poem, M-O-D-O-C-S of ‘22”

“Closed Grocery”

“Clothes Doctor”

“Clown and King” (5 pieces)

“Clown at the Grave of Columbine”

“Coffee grows on white. . .”

“Columbia Awake”

“Come - Tell sic”

“‘Come Towser, come Bowser, come Rover, come Jack’”

“Comes Dawn”

“The Coming of the Rose”

“The Coming of Wotan (To Caliban)”

“The Coming Storm” (3 pieces)

“Commencement” (3 pieces)

“The Common Man Speaks” (2 pieces)

“Complaint No. 1,547”

“Concerto in E”

“The Confession”

“The Consumptive” (2 pieces)



“Cossacks in Blue” (2 pieces)

“Courage” (2 pieces)

“Courage.”  See “Brain Etchings”

“Cracked Things”

“The Craftsman” (7 pieces)


“Creole Mammah Turn Your Damper Down”

“Crescent City Riddle, 1864-1937.”  See “If We Would Live”

“Crossroads of the World”

“Crumpled Horn Broken Legged Cow”


“Cry in the Night”

“Cry of the Generation”

“Cry of the Soul”

“The Curse” (2 pieces)


“Dago Woman”

“‘Dainty fairies flit here and there. . .’”

“Dance of the Doomed”


“Dancing Blood” (2 pieces)


“‘Dark brown is the river. . .’”

“Dark Caravan” (2 pieces)

“Dark Damocles”

“Dark Dawn”

“Dark Destiny” (2 pieces)

“Dark Drama”

“Dark Heritage” (9 pieces)

“Dark House”

“Dark Lullaby”

“Dark Prophecy”

“Dark Questions”

“Dark Star”

“Daughter of the Third Reich”

“Dawn Nocturne”



“The Day of Judgment”

“Day of Triumph”

“De Profundis”

“The Dead Bandit’s Mother”

“Dead Leaves and Youth.”  See “Storm Rose”

“Dead Leaves on the Tree”

“Dead Soldiers” (3 pieces)

“‘Dearest One. . .’”

“Death of an Indonesian Patriot” (3 pieces)

“Death, The Garbage Man”

“‘Deep in the South. . .’”

“Deep River” (13 pieces)

“Deepening Shadows”

“Defenders of Stalingrad” (2 pieces)

“Degraded Freemen” (2 pieces)

“The Derelict” (3 pieces)

“Desert Death” (3 pieces)

“The Deserted Blues” (3 pieces)

“Deserted Island” (2 pieces)


“Devil Sun Slapped His Wife”

“Diamond Jubilee, 1863-1938” (3 pieces)

“The Dickey Bird”

“‘Dident God call Aeneas.’”

“Dirge to the Dying Day”

“Ding dong bell. . .”  See “School Song”

“Do Not Disturb” (2 pieces)

“‘Doctor Jim’” (10 pieces)

“Doodad of Jumwahr II”

“Doomed Man”

“Dorothy Maynor Sings”

“Down South American Way”

“The Dream of George Josephine Washington”

“Dream of the Damned”

“The Dreamer” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“The Dreamer” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“Dreams for Sale” (2 pieces)

“Dreary Day Blues.”  See “Satan”

“Dried Up”


“Drums of Menelike”

“Drums of the Plains du Nord”

“Dum Spero Spiro”

“Dunbar at the Market-Place”

“Each to His Kind.”  See “Doomed Man”

“Earth Bound”

“Earth Inheritors”

“Easing the Load”


“Eden Twilight.”  See “Storm Rose”

“Eleventh Hour Soliloquy”

“Ember-Bells.”  See “Pirate’s Gold”

“The End”

“The Energetic Barber Pole”

“The Enigma of Democracy”

“Envy” (2 pieces)

“Epigram for Sharp Blades”

“Epitaph” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“Epitaph” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“Epitaph (For a Black Man’s Grave)”

“Epitaph to Martyrs”

“Escape” (title variation “Two Tall Candles”; 5 pieces)

“Eternal Query”

“The Eternal Woman”

“Ethiopia Now and Evermore”

“Ethiopia Triumphant” (16 pieces)

“‘Everything dark and harried. . .”

“An Ex-King Speaks”

“Explorers” (5 pieces)

“Ex-Sweetheart Blues”

“Extractor Song”

Box 27                

“The Failure”

“Famine Relief”


“‘Father, in humble prayer. . . .”  See “She Is Not Dead”

“Fed Up”

“Fiery-Heart” (2 pieces)

“Fighting for Christ.”  See “Big Man Fum-Da Souf”



“Fingers of Mist.”  See “Indeed”


“Fire and Water” (2 pieces)

“Fire! Fire!”

“The First Cry”

“First Love”

“The First Wedding Anniversary”

“The Flag Pole of LSUNO” (3 pieces)

“Flight” (2 pieces)

“Flight from Eden” (2 pieces)

“Flight of the Nightingale”



“‘Fold mah hands upon mah heart. . .”

“Folk Balladeer”

“Follow the Leader!” (2 pieces)

“Fool Presser”

“A Fool’s Advice”

“For a Library Wall” (5 pieces)

“For an Inkstand”

“For Caliban”

“For Dorothy Maynor” (3 pieces)

“For I Love Thee”

“For Route 25 A.”  See “Doomed Man”

“Forbidden Fruit” (4 pieces)

“‘The Force that made the world. . .”

“Forgetfulness” (2 pieces)

“The Forgotten Man”

“Forgotten Query”


“The Fountainbleau Bell”

“‘The Fourth of July fireworks. . .”

“Franklinton Prelude” (2 pieces)

“A Friendly Heart”

“From a High House on Low Street” (2 pieces)

“From the Radio Bug”

“Futility” (3 pieces)


“Gangs” (3 pieces)

“The Gargoyle”

“Gawd Is Mad” (title variation “Go Tell Mister Hitler”; 3 pieces)

“Gawd’s Gonnah Walk” (5 pieces)

“The Gay Old Dog”

“Gels of Yesterday.”  See “Seven Ages of Man”

“‘Gently tread and let him sleep on. . .’”

“Georgia Chain Gang” (2 pieces)

“‘Gimme some high C’s on dat horn. . .’”

“‘Give us back our dreams. . .’”

“‘Go back, said old Abe Lincoln’s ghost. . .’”

“‘Go Down, Moses!’”

“Goat Castle Jeremaids” (2 pieces)

“‘God! how each guy. . .’”

“God Is a Black Man” (5 pieces)

“Gold and Gray”

“Gold Star Wives and Mothers” (3 pieces)

“Golden Brown Mammah.”  See “Brown Skin Baby Blues”

“Gonnah Rise on Judgment Day”

“The Good Ship Blunderbuss”

“Good-Bye, Lucindy” (2 pieces)

“Good-Bye, Summer”

“Good-Bye, You Old Zulu King”

“The Goodly Land”

“Goodwill Garden”

“The Gossip Revue”

“‘Got travelin’, travelin’, travelin’ on mah mind. . .’”

“‘Gotta see mah sweet woman. . .’” (2 pieces)

“Grandfather Speaking:’”

“Grandfather Fixes the Clock” (11 pieces)

“Great White Father” (5 pieces)

“Grotesks and Fantasticks” (title variation “Fantastics and Grotesks”; 5 pieces)

“Growing Things”

“Hail Mary!” (3 pieces)

“‘Half a chance to teach you to love that which I love . . .’”

“Half-Way Over Jordan” (3 pieces)

“Hands of Gold”

 “‘Hang black crepe upon the wall. . .’” (6 pieces)

 “Hate’s Harvest”

 “Have You Seen That Devil Man?” (2 pieces)

“‘He carried a cross throughout his life. . .’”

“‘He carries his stock on his six foot shelf. . .’” (2 pieces)

“He Married White” (3 pieces)

“‘He meant to write at least a card. . .’”

“Heading Here.”  See “Dead Soldiers”

“‘Health does not linger with a spendthrift. . .’”

“‘Hear a little bright gal say. . . .’”  See “Questions without Answers”

“Heart Exploration”

“Heart’s-Cry in June”

“Heart-Stillers” (2 pieces)

“Heav’n, Heav’n” (2 pieces)

“Heavenly Serenade” (3 pieces)

“Henry Has a Little Goat”

“Heretic’s Return”

“Heroes of Adrigat”

“Hic Jacet”

“Hieroglyphs in Granite” (18 pieces)

“Hieroglyphs on Granite”

“The High Cost of Prejudice:

“‘High Up in a Great Hospital. . .’”

“High Yallah” (2 pieces)

“High Yallah! Hay-Ho”

“Hill Billies” (3 pieces)

“Hired Hand Song”

“Holy Thursday, 1944”


“The Honorable Judge”

“‘Hours Fled and the Days Came On. . .’”

“‘How Many ‘Juniors’ There Are in the World. . .’” (2 pieces)

“How Much?”

“Humoresque” (7 pieces)

“‘Hungry and Friendless, Nine Black Boys Sang. . .’”

“‘Hush! . . .’”

“I Am a Book” (7 pieces)

“I Am a Chinese Mandarin”

“I Am New Orleans.”  See Manuscripts, Published Works

“I Am Prejudice” (3 pieces)

“‘I Am Satisfied with Jesus. . .’”

“‘I did not kiss my love goodbye. . .’”

“‘I don’t know whether I clip newspaper clippings. . .’”

“‘I had to escape from the deathless eternity. . .’”

“‘I hate all cities--but I know too well.’”  See “Brown Lorrelei”

“I Have Bought Two Castles”

“‘I heard death . . .’”

“‘I heard the spirit say. . .’”

“I Keep No Rendezvous with Death”

“‘I might have said my captain had been sick. . .’”

“I Never Saw the Face of God”

“I Saw Her Hands”

“I Saw Them Die (A War-Nurse Speaks)” (2 pieces)

“‘I saw three negro soldiers. . .’”

“I See a Star”

“I See by the Papers. . .” (4 pieces)

“‘I shall return. . .’”

“‘I take a light’”

“‘I think of Christ hung on the cross. . .’” (2 pieces; title variation “I Crave No Rendezvous with Death,” 4 pieces)

“I Want to be Up and Away”

“‘I wouldn’t like to be a dog. . .’”

“‘Iantha, Iantha’”



“If I Were a Woman Good” (2 pieces)

“‘If my tongue was a tooth brush. . .’”

“If We Would Live” (2 pieces)

“If Ye Are Not Blind”

“If You Believe in Me”

“If You Would Trick Men”

“Ill-Starred” (3 pieces)

“Ill-Starred Negro Mother” (2 pieces)

“‘I’m just a heart you’ve forgotten. . .’”

“‘I’m sure that I’d forget the ills of life--’”


“The Immigrant’s Stake in America” (4 pieces)

“‘In grandma’s day the men said yes. . .”

“In Harlem” (3 pieces)

“In Memoriam”

“In Memoriam: Colonel Robert Gould Shaw” (2 pieces)

“In Memoriam: Franklin Delano Roosevelt.”  See Manuscript Re Pub­lished Works

“In Old New Orleans”

“In Solid”

“Inconvenient Love”

“Incorrigible” (title variation “The Incorrigible One”; 4 pieces)


“Indian Summer”

“Indy Baa’el Blues”

“The Inevitable” (2 pieces)

“Intolerance on the March” (2 pieces)



“‘Is love a thing that should be measured out. . .’”

“‘It seems so wonderful for birds. . . .’”  See “Castles of My Dreams”

“I’ve Got a Date with an Angel”

“I’ve Set My Watch by Your Time”

“Jack and Jill went o’er the hill.”  See “School Song”

“Jailhouse Blues”

“Jasper’s Dilemma” (2 pieces)


“Johnny Out”


“Justification.”  See “The Seer”

“Keep the Flame of Freedom Burning” (3 pieces)

“Keep Yo Distance Lil White Gal.”  See “Man-Trap”

“Keeping the Faith” (4 pieces)

“King Christophe”

“King for a Day”

“Knights of the Lonesome Road”

“La Belle Death”

“La Paloma”



“The Lady and the Alley-Bat”

“Lady, Where Is Springfield?”


“‘Land and Gold and Women. . . .’”  See “They Who Know Not May Never Dream”

“Land of Milk and Honey”

“The Land of Tomorrow”

“The Lane Down to the Sea”

“The Last War” (3 pieces)

“Last Will and Testament”

“Late Flowering”

“Lawd I’m Gonnah Rise” (2 pieces)

“Levee Prayer”


“Lessons in Expansion”

“‘Let My Hands Caress Your Hair. . . .’”  See “Salud”

“Let Us Say ‘Aloha.’”  See “Tom-Tom”

“Letter to My Mother”

“Levee Chant” (title variation “Chain Gang”; 6 pieces)

“Levee-Scratchers” (6 pieces)

“‘Lev’n-Lighted-City Blues” (3 pieces)

“The Library (Dillard University)”


“Lift Up Thy Head, O Love”

“L’il Fellah”

“L’il Willie”


“Lilly Hands”

“Linen Dance” (2 pieces)

“Lines About Tough Men”

“Lines (After Reading My First Book from the Printer)”

“Lines After Reading Nietzche” (4 pieces)

“‘Listen to Them Sing! . . .’” (2 pieces)

“A Litany of National Shame” (2 pieces)

“A Litany of White Supremacy” (2 pieces)

“A Little Boy’s Exercise in Poetry”

“The Little Boys Know”

“Little Brown Child” (3 pieces)

“‘A little girl next door. . .” (2 pieces)

“Little Mother”

“Lock of Hair.”  See “Tom-Tom”

“Lonesome Papa”

“Looking Backwards” (2 pieces)

“Looking Forward” (2 pieces)

“‘Looking searching for a sign. . .’”

“Lord Let Dis Storm Pass By”

“‘Lord of the usurious ten percent. . .’”

“The Lost Generation” (2 pieces)

“Lost Woman”

“Lost Years” (2 pieces)


“Love at Auction” (2 pieces)

“Love Call to the North”

“Love Gave Me Back”

“Love Goes a’Bargaining.”  See “‘Is Love a Thing That Should Be Measured Out. . .’”

“Love-Hate” (2 pieces)

“Love in a Pressing Parlor”


“A Lover’s Frantic Letter”

“Lover’s Lullaby”

“Lover’s Plea”


“Loving Friends”

“Lowly Heart.”  See “Earth Bound”

“Ludgate Road” (2 pieces)

Box 28      

“McDonogh Day in New Orleans”

“Mad Auger”

“Madam Greedy” (2 pieces)

“The Magic Garden”

“The Magic Spokesman”

“Magnolias in April” (2 pieces)

“Mah Bizness Is Ev’yboddy’s Bizness”

“Mah Gal Last Night”

“Mahatma” (6 pieces)

“Mammy’s Chloe.”  See “Mammy’s Philosophy”

“Mammy’s Christmas Lullaby”

“Mammy’s Philosophy”

“Man Done Left Me Blues”

“The Man Should Forget”

“The Man Who Remembered”

“The Man Who Should Forget”

“The Man Who Still Can Smile”

“Man Who Walks Alone”

“The Man Who Would Forget”


“Many Thousand Go”

“March of the Poor and Damned” (2 pieces)

“Marie Laveau Chant” (3 pieces)

“Mariner! Mariner!”

“Marion’s Death Dirge March”

“Martian Observations and Commands”

“Martyrs of the Rope Brigade” (2 pieces)

“Mary Alice”

“The Masquerader” (2 pieces)

“The Master Scout”

“May Nocturne, 1939”

“Me and Towser”


“Memories” (2 pieces)

“Memory of Jack” (2 pieces)

“Memory Street”

“Memphis Cotton Carnival, 1930”

“‘Men from the iron curtain land. . .’” (2 pieces)

“Men on Horseback”

“Merlin’s Glasses.”  See “Brief Summer”

“Merlin’s Magic Glasses”

“Metropolis” (5 pieces)

“The Mighty Builder”

“The Miller of Keep Sake Mill”

“Miss Spiviusfifters [?]”

“Miss Suzannah”

“Mississippi River Voudou Fever” (2 pieces)

“Mr. Big.”  See “L’il Willie”

“‘Mr. Marcus, Mr. Marcus. . .’”

“Mr. Methuselah”

“Mr. Sam”

“‘Mrs. Van Stuyvesant Went to the Ball. . .’”

“Mithtah Boogahman”

“Mixing the Colors Up”

“The Mob”

“The Moldau”

“Moon Lullaby”

“Moon Madness”

“Moral.”  See “Poor Masefield!”

“The Morn When I Saw Caesar”

“The Morning After”

“‘Mos’ Dun Kyarrin’ Dis Heavy Load’”

“Mosugaloozis [?] Blues”

“Mother’s Cry”

“Mothers of the World” (3 pieces)

“Murderer” (3 pieces)


“‘Must Be the Sun of God. . .’”

“My Heart is with the Hunted”

“My Lass Is a Golden Lass”

“My Love Is a Secret Thing”

“My Love Passed By”

“My Morning Visitor”

“My Neighbor and I”

“‘My Pa Never Did Like Me. . .’”

“My Ship Passed While I Slept”

“A National Litany of Shame.”  See “A Litany of National Shame”

“Native Girl” (2 pieces)

“Nazi Octupus [sic]” (3 pieces) [i.e., “Nazi Octopus”]

“The Near Great”

“The Negro Builds His House”

“Negro Plowman” (2 pieces)

“A Negro Speaks to the Negro Press”

“A Negro Warns the Negro Press” (6 pieces)

“A New Day”

“New Orleans Fiesta” (4 pieces)

“The New Puppy”

“New Year’s Prayer”

“New Year’s Resolution” (2 pieces)

“Night and the River (2 pieces)

“Night Thirteen” (2 pieces)

“No Mail Today”

“Nocturne in September”

“No-Good Nigger”

“A Non-Zulu Speaks”

“Nor Again Shall Be.”  See “Spring Reverie”

“The Nordic Ox and the Jewish Sheep” (3 pieces)

“November Night” (3 pieces)

“‘Now colder grew the autumn air’”

“‘Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party. . .”

“Now, Morning”

“‘O, John Henry’”

“O, Lady.”  See “Calling, Calling

“‘O, Life, give me two tapers tall. . .” (2 pieces)

“O, Mary, Dear”

“‘O, Mary donch weep--doncha mourn. . .’”

“O Painter”

“O, Time!”

“Observations of Greatness”

“Ode to a Book” (3 pieces)

“Ode to Africa” (2 pieces)

“Odious Comparisons.”  See “Brown Lorrelei”

“Of Pipers and Piping” (4 pieces)

“Offensive Defense” (2 pieces)

“The Old Bell-Ringer”

“Old Cronies”

“An Old Dog’s Advice”

“Old Dogs Visit Each Other”

“Old Friend of Mine” (2 pieces)

“An Old Half-Sick Dog Speaks Out”

“Old Hiram”

“Old Ivory Doll” (3 pieces)

“The Old Lady and the Lost Needle”

“The Old Maid and the Bachelor”

“The Old Man Faces the Sunset”

“An Old Man Laughs at Life” (4 pieces)

“‘The Old Squire. . .’”

“Old Sweetheart”

“On Cocoanuts.”  See “‘The Old Squire. . .’”

“On Flattery and Adulation”

“On Friendship”

“Oh Guard”  See also “Magnolias in April”

“On Laughter”

“On Making Promises”

“On My Blindness”

“On the Notre Dame Seminary”

“On the State of the Nation (Mid-September, 1957)”

“On to Sea!” (2 pieces)

“On with the Dance”

“‘Once a Crazy Man. . .’” (3 pieces)

“‘Once Did I Search. . .’” (2 pieces)

“One Man’s Family”

“The One Who Waited”

“One Word from You.”  See “Storm Rose”

“[One-Way] Ticket to Hell”

“Only One Hand”

“Only This Song” (3 pieces)

“The Optimist”

“‘Or the Boy would like to pass through the fields. . .’”

“Oranges?  Who’ll Buy?”

“Out of Orbit” (2 pieces)

“Out of the Dawn Came Thee to a Little One” (2 pieces)

“Out of the East” (3 pieces)

“Out of the Night to Thee”

“Out of the Tempest Driven”

“Over in Spain”


“Paean at Midnight” (2 pieces)

“A Pan African Dream.”  See “To Professor Green”

“Parson Brown.”  See “Seven Ages of Man”

“The Parting” (2 pieces)

“Parting of the Ways”

“‘Pass on O Mother of Eternal Rest. . .’” (5 pieces)

 “The Passing of a Vision”

“Passing Thoughts.”  See “L’Envoi”

“The Past”

“‘Past signs and busy drugstores. . .’”

“The Patriot”

“Paul Revere Speaks”

“Pauper’s Gold”

“Paying Toll”

“The Peanut Vendor.”  See “The Wouldn’t Soldier and the China Doll”

“Peg-Leg--The Skipper’s Chair”

“‘The pen with which he wrote from living fire. . .’”

“Perfect Endings”

“‘The perfumed incense still burns high tonight.’”  See “‘Throughout the day I felt within my heart’”

“‘Perhaps if I could only cry and grope. . .’”

“The Philosopher Speaks”

“The Pioneers”

“Pirate’s Gold”

“‘Pitter, pitter, patter. . .’” (3 pieces)

“Playin’ Possum.”  See “Vis Inertae”

“Pleats.”  See “Sad-dy Night”

“The Plowman”

“Plowman’s Song” (10 pieces)

“Pluck the Roses” (2 pieces)

“A Poet to His Lady”

“The Poet’s Curse”

“The Politician.”  See The Turncoat”

“Politicians” (3 pieces)

“Politics” (2 pieces)


“Poor Masefield!”

“Poor Robeson!”

“Portrait of a Communist”

“Portrait of a Modern Galley-Slave” (3 pieces)

“Possum Pie”

“Posterity’s Verdict”

“Prayer at Christmas--1938” (2 pieces)

“Prayer at Eventide”

“Prayer at Thanksgiving” (3 pieces)

“Prayer for Rosine [?]”

“Prayer for the Men of Gold”

“Prayer in Autumn” (3 pieces)

“Prayer of Thanksgiving.”  See “Prayer at Thanksgiving”

“Prayer to a Fireproof Heaven”

“Pressing Parlor Prop” (2 pieces)

“Pressing Shop Blues.”  See “The Clothes Doctor”

“The Primal Urge”

“The Prisoner at the Bar”

“The Prophecy”

“Promise” (2 pieces)

“The Promise”


“Proving Ground” (3 pieces)

“The Psychologists Have Marked Us So Much Until”

“Puppets of Fate”

“The Query” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“The Query” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“The Question” (3 pieces)

“The Question before the House”

“A Question for the Modern Woman” (2 pieces)

“Questions.”  See “The Word Blacksmith”

“Questions without Answers”

“Rabbit-Hound-Dog Soliloquy”


“Rachmaninoff Breaks His Bonds”

“Racial Gods”

“Rain Dance” (9 pieces)

“Rain in the Sky, Lawd” (3 pieces)

“Rain, Rain, Rain”

“Random House”

“Reaching for the Sun”


“‘Rebellious spirit filled with lust. . . .’”  See “‘Slowly old stern-wheelers meander. . .’”


“A Red Is a Red Is a Rose”

“Red Terror” (3 pieces)

“Reginald Sad”

“Re-incarnation” (2 pieces)


“Remembrance” (2 pieces)

“Rendezvous with Destiny”

“Renunciation” (2 pieces)

“Requiem” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“Requiem” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“Requiem for a Small Brother”

“Requiem for Thomas F. Harwood, 1919?-1971” (2 pieces)

“Requiem to Rudyard Kipling” (4 pieces)


“Resolution” (3 pieces)

“Resquiscat in Pacem”

“Resurrection Day Spiritual”

“Resurrection in Autumn”

“Resurrection in Spring”

“The Return” (3 pieces)

“The Return (A Negro Sermon)” (4 pieces)

“Reversion” (3 pieces)

“Revolt in the South” (5 pieces)

“Revolution Road” (6 pieces)

“Rhine Nocturne”

“The Rhyming Fool.”  See “Seven Ages of Man”

“Rhyming Richard”


“Rich Old Massa”

“The Riddle” (2 pieces)

“Ring Down the Curtain--Let It Ride”

“‘Ring, Ring, O Bells. . .’”

“Rippy-Tippy-Tum and Rippy-Tippy-Tack”

“Roads of Yesterday” (3 pieces)


“‘Rub a dub-dub.’”  See “School Song”

Box 29      

“Sad and Lonely.”  See “To Narcille”

“Sat-Dy Night” (2 pieces)

“St. Anne Street Scene”



“Salute to the Dead”


“Sanctified.”  See “Miscellany Which Accompanied Poetry”




“Saxaphone [sic] Lobby”

“Scabs” (6 pieces)

“Scheme for a Song” (7 pieces)

“School Song”

“Scottsboro Sunset” (3 pieces)

“Scourin in d’Rain”

“Screened Loveliness”

“‘Search your souls. . .’” (3 pieces)

“Second Southerner Speaking” (2 pieces)

“Secret Laughter”

“Seeing Things”

“Seekers of the Dawn” (2 pieces)

“The Seer”

“Segregation Blues.”  See Published Manuscript “High Ground”)

“Selassie at Geneva” (5 pieces)

“Sell Mah Mule”

“Separate, But Equal” (3 pieces)


“Serenade to Nobody”

“The Servant” (2 pieces)

“Seven Ages of Women”

“17th Century Advice to Young Girls”

“Sez I”

“Shakespeare Park Mass Meeting” (2 pieces)

“‘She had a meat-box looking head. . .’”

“She Is Not Dead”

“Ships to the Sea” (2 pieces)

“The Shoemaker”

“‘Shout, Sister Caroline! . . .’”

“Show the World the Man That’s In You”

“Sicilian Bride”

“Sign Language”

“‘Simple Sobber. . .’”  See “School Song”

“Sing, Dark America” (34 pieces)

“‘Sing high. . .’”

“Singers of the Dusk”

“Singers of the Purple Twilight” (6 pieces)

“The Singing Birds of Courtyard A”

“Singing for Supper”

“Singing Sands” (3 pieces)

“Singing Violin”

“‘A single man living on the edge of ghettoville’”

“‘Sitting by the fireside. . .’”

“Skyscraper Hospital”

“Skyscrapers” (3 pieces)

“The Slave” (3 pieces)

“‘Sleep and it will pass away. . .’”

“Sleep, Mah Honey” (4 pieces)

“Sleeping Beauty (See If You Believe in Me)”

“The Sleeping Giant Awakens” (2 pieces)

“The Slow Tread of Knowledge”

“‘Slowly the old stern-wheelers meander. . .’”

“A Small Boy’s Nose”

“‘Smoke-rings, don’t get in my nose. . .’”

“Smoochface and the Cream Cheese” (3 pieces)

“Soliloquy at Midnight” (2 pieces)

“Soliloquy of a Southern ‘Darkey’”

“Solitaire” (2 pieces)

“‘Some said that none. . .’”

“Somebody’s Mammy” (2 pieces)

“Something to Be Thankful For”


“‘Sometimes a blow here. . . .’”  See “‘Slowly the old stern-wheelers meander. . .’”

“Song at Midnight” (2 pieces)

“Song of Hannibal (Near the Gates of Rome)” (3 pieces)

“Song of the Black Valiants” (2 pieces)

“Song of the Downtrodden Man”

“Song of the Haitian Rebels” (2 pieces)

“Song of the Secret Heart” (7 pieces)

“Song of the Slave” (4 pieces)

“The Song of the Vagabond”

“Song on a Castle Wall”

“Song to Marcille”

“Song to the Weeping Moon”

“Sonia” (2 copies)

“Sonnet - A Portrait of Innes”

“Sonnet - To Antoinette”

“‘Sound the alarm-beat upon the drum. . .’”

“The South Triumphant”

“Southern Brainwashing”

“Southern Holiday”

“Southern Justice (State vs. Willie McGee)”

“A Southern Negro Faces the War”

“Southern Saga”

“Southern Share-Cropper” (3 pieces)

“Souvenir” (4 pieces)

“Spirit of Revolt” (7 pieces)

“Spook Folks”

“Spring Dawn” (2 pieces)

“Spring in the South” (4 pieces)

“Spring Litany” (3 pieces)

“Spring Reverie”

“Springtime Lullaby”


“The Stake”


“‘Staring at me day and night. . .’”


“Steel and Fling”



“The Storm-Bird”

“Storm Rose”

“Strange Deaths”

“Street Ballet”

“Street Doggie”

“Street Name Ghosts”

“Striking Longshoremen” (3 pieces)

“Suicide’s Gift”

“The Sun”

“Sunday at Fountainebleau”

“Sunset Skies.”  See also “Brief Interlude”

“‘Sunshine and you. . .’”

“Supposin’ (For Elaine)”

“Susi and Ghuma” (4 pieces)

“The Swan Song of Love” (2 pieces)


“‘Take this tune’”

“The Tale of the Dirty Disk”

“The Talker Repents”

“Talmadge’s Revised Geography.”  See “Questions Without Answers”

“Te Deum” (4 pieces)

“Teach Me Music”

“The Teacher” (2 pieces)

“Teeth of the Dragon”

“Telephone Friends (2 pieces)

“Theme in Variation”

“‘Then the race started upward higher still’”

“‘There is much laughter beneath the blazing lights. . .’”

“‘There’ll be no stars for me. . .’”

“These Things I Shall Remember”

“‘They always show a turbanned man. . .’”

“‘They laid him in the manger. . .’”

“‘They who know not may never dream. . .’”

“This House of Mine” (2 pieces)

“This Is Fountainbleau”

“‘This is the heritage bequested to the state. . .’”

“‘This is the small oak. . .’”

“‘This is the way that I must go. . .’”

“Thomas A. Edison”

“‘Thou imperceptible pleasures. . .’”

“Thought” (3 pieces)

“The Three Wise Men” (2 pieces)

“Threnodium.”  See “The First Cry”

“Through Gold and Blue--.”  See “Brief Interlude”

“‘Through you I see the endless march of man. . .’” (5 pieces)

“‘Throughout the day I felt within my heart. . .’”

“‘Thus. . .’”


“Time and Old Age”

“Time Is a Circus Barker”

“Tired” (2 pieces)

“To a Bronze Plaque (On the Criminal Courts Building)”

“To a Columnist”

“To a Dead Poet” (2 pieces)

“To a Dreamer Who Sleeps”

“To a Fairy”

“To a Louisiana Senator”

“To a Negro Blonde” (2 pieces)

“To a Negro in Prison” (4 pieces)

“To a Pale Maharanee”

“To a Photograph”

“To a Photograph Resembling You”

“To a Smothered Frame”

“To a Stray Kitten”

“To a Vision That Haunts Me”

“To a Wayward Son”

“To a White Rose.”  See “Georgia Chain Gang”

“To a Wilful Woman”

“To All Black Leaders” (3 pieces)

“To All Dark Leaders.  For Dr. W. E. B. DeBois”

“To All Who Would Be Free”

“To Autumn”

“To Dana.”  See “To Dawn”

“To Dawn”

“To Eve”

“To Iantha”

“To Irene at Wartime”

“To Love That Rides Onward”

“To Mabel”

“To Maid Marion”

“To Mr. Wiener”

“To Monchere”

“To My Brother Ned” (4 pieces)

“To My Heart” (2 pieces)

“To My Soul” (2 pieces)

“To Narcille” (2 pieces)

To One Facing Sunset (Whose Flag Is Trailing)”

“To One Who Is Silent”

“To Professor Green” (different from poem of same title listed below)

“To Professor Green” (different from poem of same title listed above)

“To Sincere Agitators”

“To Sister”

“To the Fellows Who Did Not Pass”

“To the Ghost of a Godey’s Lady”

“To the Natchitoches’ ‘Good Darkey’” (2 pieces)

“To the Three Wise Monkeys”

“To Those Who Have Faced Mobs” (3 pieces)

“To Yesterday”

“‘Today Professor Kinsey’s Sure to Find It Is Not So. . .’”

“Toll-Payer” (2 pieces)

“Tomorrow and Tomorrow”


“Toussaint” (8 pieces)


“Trail of Glory”


“Trails to ---”

“The Tramp” (2 pieces)

“Tramp! Tramp!”

“Transcendency” (5 pieces)


“Traveler’s Return” (3 pieces)

“Trees in Autumn”

“Trial by Jury” (2 pieces)

“Tribal Identification”

“Tribute to Memory”

“True Poetry”

“Tulane Avenue Work Gang”

“‘Turn. . .’”

“The Turncoat”

“Twenty Years After” (3 pieces)

“Twilight in Eden” (2 pieces)

“Two Christians”

“‘Two hearts calling. . .’”

“Two Hours”

“The Two Lovers”

“Two Tall Candles.”  See “Escape”

“Two Women”

“Unanswered Query” (2 pieces)

“Under the Mistletoe” (2 pieces)

“‘The universe is not comforted. . .’” (4 pieces)


“Upon Hearing Chopin’s Concerto in E Minor”

“The Valetician”


“‘The very walls. . .’”

“Vindication.”  See “On to Sea!”

“Vis Inertae”

“The Voice of Yesterday”

“WPA Street Screens” (4 pieces)

“Waiting Mother”

“Walking Man” (3 pieces)

“The Wandering Jew” (5 pieces)


“War Clouds”

“War Women”

“The Warning”

“Washerwoman’s Song” (2 pieces)

“Washington- 1932” (2 pieces)

“Watch through the Night (For Arthur J. Chapital, Sr.)”

“Watching the Clouds Go By”

“Ways of White Folk”

“‘We cheat time thru our children’”

“‘We saw her grow in all the loveliness. . .’”

“What’s the use”

“Wheels” (7 pieces)

“When a Big Dog Dies”

“When I Kissed My Love Good-bye”

“When Love of a Woman”

“When Mr. Eastland Came to Town”

“When My Ship Comes By” (4 pieces)

“When the First Leaves Fall”

“‘When you watch the minutes. . .’”

“White Candles” (4 pieces)

“‘White clouds blowing across the moon--. . .’”

“A White Girl Speaks for Democracy” (2 pieces)

“White Liberals” (2 pieces)

“White Man’s Whore”

“The White Man’s World” (4 pieces)

“White Supremacy”

“‘The white woman had a drink or two. . .’”

 ‘‘Who had done most hard. . .’”

“‘Who over forest lands. . .’’

“‘Who said “Barking Dogs Don’t Bite?”. . .’”

“Who Stole Missis Murphy’s Hen?” (2 pieces)

“Who Stole the Great King’s Hat?”

“Who’s Gonnah Do Your Loving”

“‘Who’s gonnah walk with me. . .’”

“‘Why they wouldn’t leave. . .’”

“Will O’ Wisp”

“Winds of Chance”

“Winds of the Gods” (2 pieces)

“Wing-Shadows” (7 pieces)

“‘Winter months bring winter cares. . .’”

“Winter’s Harvest” (2 pieces)


“‘Wise owls keep no diaries. . .’”

“‘Wing song I would beguile the heart of thee. . .’”

“Without You”

“Womanhood” (3 pieces)

“Women and Books”

“Women of Great Britain.”  See “Transition”

“Woodchopper’s Chorus” (2 pieces)

“The Word Blacksmith”

“Words Taken from a Proposed Novel”

“The Wouldn’t Soldier and the China Doll”

“‘Writhe, gentlemen, writhe ...’” See “To Those Who Have Faced Mobs”

“The Years”


“‘You forgot your glove’”

“‘You got me talking wrong. . .’”

“‘You walked with all men, showing ill to none. . .’”

“Young Advice to the Old”

“Young Follow-Me-Lad”

“A Young Girl’s Prayer”

“‘You’re a Pur Lil Baby, Mudder. . .’”

“Youth and Age.”  See “To Maid Marion”


Anthologies and Major Poetic Pieces by Marcus Christian.

Box 30            The Common People’s Manifesto of World War Two, 1948.  Bound copies, loose sheets, notes, and miscellany.  [n.d.], 1943-1948.

Box 29            From the Deep South.  A collection of poems written by Marcus Chris­tian, as well as by other black New Orleanians.  June 13, 1937.

Box 31            High Ground, 1958.  A collection of poems by Marcus Christian, including collated and unbound copies of the book with miscellany.  [n.d.], 1957-1959.

                                   I Am New Orleans, 1968.  Bound copies, loose sheets, notes, and miscellany.  [n.d.], 1962-1968.

                                   In Memoriam: Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1945.  Bound copy, loose sheets, galley proof.  [n.d.]

                                   The Liberty Monument, 1970.  8 copies, note.  [n.d.]

Box 32            Fragments of Marcus Christian poems.  [n.d.], January 1, 1955 - September 8, 1967.

                                   Notes on Poetry.  [n.d.], July 4, 1938 - January 15, 1968.

                                   Material for Proposed Books of Poetry: Doggie Rells and Grotesks and Arabesks.  [n.d.], 1937-1960.

                        Poems by Others, [n.d.] (75 items)


            Anoymous.  “A Book of Rhymes.”

            Anonymous.  “Kittens, Kittens.”

            Chaplin, Ralph.  “Mourn Not the Dead.”

            Deutsch, Babette.  “To the Moon,” 1969.

            Emerson, Ralph W.  “Hamatreya.”

            Hughes, Langston.  “Jim Crow’s Funeral Sermon.”  With holographic dedication by Hughes to Christian.

            Hughes, Langston.  “A New Song.”

            Hughes, Langston.  “Ruby Brown.”

            Orvis, Loreta K.  “Winter’s Haze.”

            Orvis, Loreta K.  “A Woman’s Way.”

            Schmidt, Adele.  “‘From Hamlin you. . .’”

            Schmidt, Adele.  “Rainy Season.”

            Tyler, E. E.  “I’m Here to Stay.”

            Ward, J.  “Trolley Car.”

            Yesier, Isabelle.  “Are We God’s Playthings.”

            “Tribune Poems in French and English copied by Marcus Christian from New Orleans Tribune.”  Autographs and typescript excerpts, [n.d.], March 26, 1863 - December 22, 1867.  Originally enclosed in a binder but removed from binder, though Christian’s order of compilation has been retained.

            “Ode to the Martyrs.”  Camille Naudin.  See French original, “Ode aux Martyrs.”

            “The Ladder of Love (Imitation).”  Leila D. . .T (2 pieces).

            “The Mocking Bird (To Madame L. S. . .)”  Leola D. . .T.

            “Memory of the Dead.”  Camille Naudin (2 pieces).

            “Snow-Drop.”  Leila D. . .T (3 pieces)

            “The Black Marseillaise.  Song of Peace.”  Camille Naudin (2 pieces).

            “Dit cet accord d’amour.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “La Rebellion du Sud in Permenance [sic]”  (2 pieces).

            “Perce-Neige.”  Leila D. . . T (3 pieces)

            “L’Echelle de l’Amour Imitation.”

            “Aux Natifs.”  Leila D. . .T (3 pieces).

            “Stanza A.M.A.P. . . .”  Leila (2 pieces).

            “Soliloquy on the Ocean.”  Thos. P. S. (2 pieces).

            “Pensee a Mme.”  Leila D. . .T.


            “The Undercurrent.”  John T. Sargent (3 pieces).

            “Over the Sea.”

            “Le Moqueur.”  Leila D. . . .T.

            “Le chien et la chat.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “Maris Stella a Mme. P. D.”  Leila D. . .T (2 pieces).

            “Sonnet, a Mme Louise de Mortie.”  Leila D. . .T (2 pieces).

            “Washington et Lincoln.”  Henry Train.

            “L’Ignorance.”  Henry.

            “Le peote.  A mon ami, Armand Lanurss [sic].”  Leila D. . .T (4 pieces).

            “Resignation.”  Henry (2 pieces).

            “Hommage ay poete.  A mon ami le Dr. J. Chaumette, Haney” (3 pieces).

            “Guzla a Marie C. . .se.”  Leila D. . .T (2 pieces).

            “Epitry familiere.”  Henry (2 pieces).

            “Le saule pleurer.  A Melle. N. . .e F. . .t.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “Etoile du soir.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “Ode aux martyrs.”  Camille Naudin (2 pieces).

            “Le souvenir des morts.  A mon pere.”  Camille Naudin (2 pieces).

            “Le 13 Avril.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “In Memoriam - July 30.  Cora L. V. Daniels.”  (4 pieces).

            “La liberte et l’esclavage (Air des trois couleurs).”  Ad. Pecatier (2 pieces).

            “To the Louisiana Native Guards.”  Palmetto (2 pieces).

            “Un page de Hebel.  Imitation.  A Madame C. . . S. . . .”

            “Le rebellion du Sud in permenence [sic].”  Henry (2 pieces).

            “Reve.  A Madame C. . . S. . .s.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “Stanza.  A.M. Th. J. Durant.”  Leila D. . .T (2 pieces).

            “Cantate a mes amis.”  J. D. (2 pieces).

            “A Nina.”  A. G.

            “Ange du ciel.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “Au Pere Chocarne.”  Pierre (L’Hermite).

            “Un cri de l’Alcyon.”  Leila D. . .T.

            “L’Exposition Universelle.”  Pierre Dupont.

            “Sonnet.  Reminiscences du ‘Monde Marche.’”  Pierre (L’Hermite).

            “Anniversary Poem - July 4, 1867.”  J. Willis Menard (3 pieces).

            “La Marsallaise [sic] noir.  Chant de paix.”  Camille Naudin (2 pieces).

            “Le souvenir des morts.  A mon pere.”  Camille Naudin (4 pieces).

            “Le triangle sacre.”  Schnertz.

            “Les trois perles.”  Antony (3 pieces).

            “Tristesse.  A Mlle Victoria K. . .y.”

            “Aux conservateurs.”  Joanni Quert [sic] (3 pieces).

            “La Sensitive.  A Mlle. Nat. . . .”  L. M. (3 pieces).

            “L’ange en exil.  A Mlle J. . . E. F. . .er.”  Leila D. . .T.”

            “Il n’est plus. . . .”  Leila D. . .T.

            Author’s note.


Box 33            Christian, Marcus.  “Drums of the Bambarras.”  ca. 1940.

                        Christian, Marcus.  “Thin Walls.”  Marcus Christian diary of overheard and observed activities and conversations of a white family residing in the other half of a double house from Christian.  Comments from Christian indicate that he planned to use the material as the basis for a play on the relationship of blacks and whites under segregation.  City directories for 1938, 1940, and 1942 list his address as 314 South Rocheblave.  1936-1937 (13 folders).

                        Christian, Marcus.  “Pillars in the Dust.”  1942-1944.

                                    Sequel to “Thin Walls.”

                        Unknown author.  “The Black Man.”  [n.d.]

                        Speeches delivered by Marcus Christian.

Box 34            “Aspects of the Negro History in Louisiana.”  First Zion Baptist Church.  February 8, 1939.

                        “New Orleans, The Place and the People.”  YMCA.  March 5, 1962.

                        “The War Information Center As a Wartime Educational Agency.”  Dillard University.  April 9, 1943.

                        Untitled.  Delivered on radio station WNOE.  [ca. 1958]  (See also “Correspondence from Christian to New Orleans States-Item, June 12, 1958.”)

                        Untitled.  Delivered at Xavier University.  [n.d.]

                        Untitled.  Delivered at UNO, NAACP meeting, [ca. 1972]

                        Untitled.  3 speeches, 1 fragment [n.p., n.d.]

                        “Notes for Speeches.”  Research material.  [n.d.]

Box 35,

Box 36            Hard copy of the unpublished manuscript “A Black History of Louisiana.”

Series XIV.  Maps; [n.d.], 1775-1966 (26 maps, 1 notation).

1 portfolio      Africa.  [n.d.] (2 maps).

                        Africa.  By S. Boulton.  London, January 6, 1787; January 6, 1878 (2 maps).

                        Africa.  1829.

                        Africa.  August 12, 1830.

                        Afrique Divisées en Ses Principaux Etats.  [Africa divided according to its principal states].  1824.

                        Battle of New Orleans.  [n.d.].

                        Boston, Mass.  1775 (2 copies).

                        Cape of Good Hope.  [n.d.].

                        East Africa.  [n.d.].

                        L’Egypte Ancienne.  [Ancient Egypt].  1801.

                        Louisiana.  [n.d.].

                        New Orleans.  Plan of 1858.  [n.d.].  Photocopy.

                        The Nile, Course of, and Adjacent countries.  [n.d.].

                        L’Ocean Meridional.  [The South Atlantic.]  1746.

                        Plantation Homes on the Mississippi River from New Orleans to Baton Rouge.  1966.

                        Paul Revere’s Plan of the Scene of the Boston Massacre used at the Trial of Capt. Preston and Soldiers.  [n.d.].  Photocopy.

                        Suite de la Coste de Guinée.  [Following the coast of Guinea.]  [n.d.].

                        The United States.  1900.

                        West Africa.  [n.d.].

                        World According to Herodotus.  1830.

                        The World Illustrating the Principal Features of Meteorology and the World Showing Cultivation of the Principal Plants.  1855.

                        Notation concerning an unlocated map.  [n.d.].

Series XV.  Miscellania; [n.d.] (1 box).

Box 1              Personal and printing oddments.

Series XVI.  Pamphlets, Programs, and Reports; [n.d.], 1929-1974 (1 box).

Subseries XVI.1: Pamphlets.

Box 1              All Americans Move Forward.  Democratic National Committee, [n.d.].

                       The Bicentennial and the National Parks.  U.S. National Park Service, [n.d.].

                       Chalmette National Historical Park, Louisiana.  U.S. National Park Service, [19--]

                        Doubleday, Doran Announces the George Washington Carver Memorial Award.  New York: Doubleday, Doran, [19--].

                        Here’s Your Invitation to Join the Payroll Savings Plan for U.S. Savings Bonds.  U.S. National Park Service, [19--].

                        How Crime and Violence Will Be Stopped.  Brooklyn, N.Y.: Watchtower Society, [19--].

                        The International Poetry Club, Inc.  The Club, [n.d.].

                       John Simon Guggenheim Foundation: Fellowships, United States of America, 1959.  New York: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, 1958.

                        National Parks of the United States.  U.S. National Park Service, [n.d.].

                        National Portrait Gallery.  [Washington]: Smithsonian Institution, [n.d.].

                        Rowan: Sculpture and Drawings.  New Orleans: Orleans Gallery, [n.d.].

                        You Are Invited to Join Friends of Amistad.  New York: Friends of Amistad, [19--].

Subseries XVI.2: Programs.

                        Citizens’ Forum on Integration Presents “A Progress Report on Integration in Texas,” as told by Thomas A. Sutherland.  April 24, 1956.

                        The Crescent Concerts Company Presents Dorothy Maynor in Recital.  October 22, 1943.

                        Deep South Writers and Artists Conference.  June 4-6, 1970.

                        Deep South Writers and Artists Conference.  June 17-18, 1971.

                        The Eighth Graders Present Aunt Drusella’s Garden.  May 29, 1960.

                        Emancipation Proclamation Celebration.  January 1, 1965.

                        Fete Nationale du 14 Juillet 1972.  July 1972.

                        The Funeral Service of Arthur J. Chapital, Sr.  April 27, 1972.

                        An Hour with Negro Poets.  February 14, 1945.

                        In Remembrance of Mrs. Lula Hawthorne.  January 27, 1967.

                        L’Union Francaise cours d’adults de Francais.  Exercises de fin annee.  Celebration de la distribution des prix.  May 18, 1972.

                        Medard H. Nelson 8th Grade Exercises.  January 24, 1946.

                        New Orleans Public Library Presents Poets Reading.  [n.d.].

                        New Orleans Public Library and New Orleans Poetry Forum Presents Poets Reading.  Spring 1973.

                        Official Souvenir Program, World’s Welterweight Championship.  October 21, 1968.

                        Roland Hayes, Xavier University.  November 22, 1943.

                        Seventh Year Anniversary of Sup’t Eugene C. Cannon on St. Mark B. Sunday School.  August 3, 4, 6, 1933.

                        The Social Studies Department Presents “Changing the African American Image through History.”  February 9-15, 1969.

                        Southern University, History Department.  Annual Celebration of Black Aware­ness Week.  February 11-15, 1974.

                        Souvenir Program, National Medical Association.  August 11-17, 1935.

                        Spanish Institute of Dillard University.  Dedication of the Bust of Jose Marti.  March 3, 1954.

                        Toward a Negro Theatre: The Dillard Players’ Guild Presents the Eleventh Annual Negro History Week Production, Earth and Stars.  [n.d.].

                        Women’s Society of Christian Service.  “Through Peace His Cross.”  Wesley Methodist Church, [n.d.].

Subseries XVI.3: Offprints.

Alderson, William T., ed.  “Marking and Correcting Copy for Your Printer.”  American Association for State and Local History Technical Leaflet No. 51.  In History News 24.6 (June 1969).

Billings, Warren M.  “The Case of Fernando and Elizabeth Key: A Note on the Status of Blacks in Seventeenth Century Virginia.”  William and Mary Quarterly 3d ser., 30 (July 1973): 467-474.

Billings, Warren M.  “The Causes of Bacon’s Rebellion: Some Suggestions.”  Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 78 (October 1970): 409-435.

Billings, Warren M.  “The Growth of Political Institutions in Virginia, 1634 to 1676.”  William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., 31 (April 1974): 225-242.

Bodet, Gerald P.  “Sir Edward Coke’s Three Institutes: A Primer for Treason Defendants.”  University of Toronto Law Journal 20 (1970): 469-477.

Bond, Horace M.  “The Influence of Personalities on the Public Education of Negroes in Alabama II.”  Journal of Negro Education (April 1937): 172-187.

Bonham, Milledge L., Jr.  “New York and the Election of 1860.”  New York History 15 (April 1934): 124-143.

Boyle, Sarah P.  “Southerners Will Like Integration.”  Saturday Evening Post (February 19, 1955).

Clark, Michael D.  “Jonathan Boucher: The Mirror of Reaction.”  Huntington Library Quarterly 33 (November 1969): 19-32.

Clark, Michael D.  “Josiah Royce and American Conservation.”  Modern Age: A Quarterly Review (Fall 1969): 342-352.

Clark, Michael D.  “Martial and Imaginative Values: The Greater Appeal of Brooks Adams’ Man of Fear.”  Midcontinent American Studies Journal 11 (Spring 1970): 54-64.

Collin, Richard H.  “Henry Pringle’s Theodore Roosevelt: A Study in Historical Revisionism.”  New York History (April 1971): 151-168.

Darbee, Herbert C.  “A Glossary of Old Lamps and Lighting Devices.”  American Association for State and Local History Technical Leaflet No. 30.  In History News 20.8 (August 1965).

Deiler, J. Hanno.  “The System of Redemption in the State of Louisiana.”  Trans­lated by Louis Voss.  Louisiana Historical Quarterly (July 1929): 426-460.

Denhardt, Robert B., and Jerome J. Salomone.  “Race, Inauthenticity, and Religious Cynicism.”  Phlyon 33 (1972): 120-131.

Ferrer, José.  “Berceo.  ‘Milagros de Nuestra Senora’ (Aspectos de Su Estilo).”  Hispania 33 (February 1950): 46-50.

Guldbeck, Per E.  “Leather: Its Understanding and Care.”  American Association for State and Local History Technical Leaflet.  In History News 34.4 (April 1969).

Haley, Alex.  “My Furthest Back Person - ‘The African.’”  The New York Times Magazine (July 16, 1972).

Hart, W. O.  “A Boy’s Recollection of the War.”  Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society 22 ([n.d.]).

Kaiser, Ernest.  “The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual.”  Freedomways 9.1 (Winter 1979).

Kaufman, Burton I.  “The Organizational Dimension of United States Economic Foreign Policy, 1900-1920.”  Business History Review 46 (Spring 1972): 17-44.

Kaufman, Burtin I.  “United States Trade and Latin America: The Wilson Years.”  Journal of American History 58 (September 1971): 343-363.

Lemann, I. I.  “A Study of Disease in the Negro.”  Southern Medical Journal 27 (January 1934).

Marr, Warren, II.  “The Many Shades of History.”  The Crisis (February 1970).

Marr, Warren, II.  “Out of Bondage.”  United Church Herald (1964).

Marshall, Mary L.  “Plantation Medicine.”  Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 26 (January 1938): 115-128.

Masaryk, Jan.  “After Chaos Back to Political Science.”  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science ([n.d.]).

Maund, Alfred.  “New Day Dawning: The Negro and Music.”  The Nation (May 9, 1953): 396-397.

“Methadone for Lilly, Not for You.”  Rising Up Angry (December 10-31, 1972).

Mitchell, George S.  “Services to Negro Veterans in Louisiana.”  Veterans Services Division, Southern Regional Council, [n.d.].

“The Negro: A Selected Reading List.”  New York Public Library Branch Library Book News 22.2 (February 1945): 39-45.

“Periodicals for the College Library.”  North Central Association Quarterly 8 (April 1934): 425-444.

Quarles, Benjamin, ed.  “Letters from Negro Leaders to Gerrit Smith.”  Journal of Negro History 27 (October 1942): 432-453.

Quarles, Benjamin.  “Lord Dunmore As Liberator.”  William and Mary Quarterly 15 (October 1958): 494-507.

Quarles, Benjamin.  “Revisionist Negro History.”  Social Education 10.3 (March 1946): 101-104.

Quarles, Benjamin.  “Sources of Abolitionist Income.”  Mississippi Valley Historical Review 32 (June 1945): 63-76.

Reddick, L. D.  “Library Resources for Negro Studies in the United States and Abroad.”  Encyclopedia of the Negro: Preparatory Volume (1944): 163-182.

Tregle, Joseph G., Jr.  “George Eustis, Jr., Non-Mythic Southerner.”  Louisiana History ([n.d.]).

Tregle, Joseph G., Jr.  “Political Reinforcement of Ethnic Dominance in Louisi­ana, 1812-1845.”  Americanization of the Gulf Coast, 1803-1850 ([n.d.]): 78-87.

Tribolet, Harold W.  “Rare Books & Paper Repair Techniques.”  American Association for State and Local History Technical Leaflet No. 13.  In History News 25.3 (March 1970).

Winston, James E.  “The Free Negro in New Orleans, 1803-1860.”  Louisiana Historical Quarterly 21 (October 1938).

Yawitz, Paul.  “Interesting Stories Concerning the Lives of Russ Columbo and Dorothy Dell.”  The New York Mirror ([ca. 1934]).

Series XVII.  Personal Photographs; [n.d.], ca. 1911-1970 (1 box).

29                    Mrs. Brown and Joe Gould

1                      Joseph Burns

2-5, 30-36,

40-47              Marcus Christian

47A                 Negatives and contact sheets for photographs of Christian taken by Dave Jones

and donated by the photographer

6-7                  Dogs (pets of Marcus Christian)

8                      Alma O. Dumas

9-10, 37-38,

48-49              Elaine (surname unknown)

11                    Mike and Lonnie

50                    Photo of a bird in a tree

12                    Roberta and Pamela

56                    Vi (surname unknown)

13                    Nan and Banks O. Wiggins

14, 39             Joan Wilson

15-28, 51-55  No identification

56                    Destroyed image on photograph.  Reverse side: “2432 - Delisha [?]  July 15, [?]”

Series XVIII.  Personal Records; [n.d.], 1889-1976 (7 boxes).

Box 1              Advertisements and Clippings, Miscellaneous.  [n.d.], 1948-1967.

                       Bank savings passbooks.  [n.d.], 1922-1968.

                       Bills, Invoices, and Related Records.

                                    Art, Book, Record Clubs and Serial Subscriptions.

                                              Bayou Books.  1973-1974.

                                              C.C. Award Record Club.  [n.d.], 1958.

                                              CRM Publishing Co.  1972.

                                              Chamber Music Society.  [n.d.], 1956-1957.

                                              The Collector’s Guild, Ltd.  1972-1974.

                                              Columbia Record Club.  1956-1961.

                                              Crowell-Collier Record Guild.  [n.d.], 1957.

                                              Folkways/Scholastic Records.  1971.

Box 2                                     Harcourt, Brace.  [n.d.], 1973-1975.

                                              Miscellaneous.  [n.d.], 1970-1974 (2 folders).

                                              Musical Masterpiece Society.  [n.d.].

                                              RCA Victor Society.  1958-1959.

                                              Reader’s Digest.  [n.d.], 1956-1965.

                                              Southern Book Mart.  [n.d.], 1938-1944.

                                              Timms and Howard, Inc.  1939-1940.


                                              Home Finance.  [n.d.], 1927-1967.

                                              Miscellaneous.  1958-1974.

                       Medical.  1937-1969.

                       Miscellaneous.  [n.d.], 1924-1975 (2 folders).

                       New Orleans Public Service Inc.  [n.d.], 1933-1954 (3 folders).

Box 3              New Orleans Public Service Inc.  1955-1976 (3 folders).

                       Property Rentals.  [n.d.], 1934-1968 (5 folders).


                                              Maison Blanche.  1964-1967.

                                              Miscellaneous.  [n.d.], 1923-1973.

                                              Montgomery Ward.  1966.

                                              Sears Roebuck (Sears-Feibleman’s).  1933-1965 (8 folders).

Box 4                                     Sears Roebuck.  1966-1975.

                                              Sewerage and Water Board.  1951-1975 (3 folders).

                                              Southern Bell Telephone.  [n.d.], 1946-1965.

                                              Terrebonne Parish Sewerage Districts (Houma, La.).  1970-1972.


                                   A - Cap.

Box 5                          Col - N.

Box 6                          O - Z.

                          Checking Account Records.  [n.d.], 1956-1975 (2 folders).

                          Contracts and Legal Forms.

                                    Home Finance Service.  [n.d.], 1936.

                                    Miscellaneous.  1925-1976.

                                    Purchase of 1304 Delery St.  1971-1972.

                          Family Records.  1889-1961.

                          Insurance Policies.

                                    American National Insurance Co.  [n.d.], 1923-1959.

                                    Blue Cross (Hospitalization Services Association of New Orleans).  1948-1951.

                                    Continental Insurance (Miester Insurance Agency, Inc.).  1959-1962.

                                    Louisiana Industrial Life Insurance Co.  1926-1929.

Box 7                           Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.  1955-1975.

                                    Miscellaneous.  1919-1972.

                          Manufacturers’ Operating Manuals, Furniture Delivery Tags.

                                    Manufacturers’ Operating Manuals, Furniture Delivery Tags.  [n.d.], 1970-1974 (2 folders).

                          Notes and Oddments.  [n.d.], 1949-1959 (2 folders).

                          Payroll Receipts.

                                    Dillard University.  [n.d.], 1943-1950.

                                    Gulf Atlantic Warehouses.  1953-1954.

                                    University of New Orleans.  1976.


                                    California Income Tax Return, Form 540.  1952-1953.

                                    State of Louisiana.  [n.d.], 1969-1972.

                                    City of New Orleans.  1943-1975.

                                    Terrebonne Parish.  1969-1974.

                                    United States.  1943-1949.

                                    U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.  Social Security

                                    Administration.  [n.d.], 1966-1971.

                                    U.S. Office of Price Administration.  [n.d.], 1943.

                                    Vehicle registration, driving permits, traffic tickets.  [n.d.], ca. 1954-1966.

Series XIX.  Phonograph Records (20 records - 33 1/3 rpm; 2 records - 78 rpm)

                          Adventures in Negro History.

                          Adventures in Negro History, Vol. II: The Frederick Douglass Years, 1817-1895.

                          Beethoven (set of 7 records).

                                    Symphony No. 1 in C, Op. 21.

                                    Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125.

                                    Symphony No. 2 in D, Op. 36.

                                    Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125.

                                    Symphony No. 3 in E-flat, Op. 55.

                                    Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125.

                                    Symphony No. 3 in E-flat, Op. 55.

                                    Symphony No. 8 in F, Op. 93.

                                    Symphony No. 4 in B-flat, Op. 60.

                                    Symphony No. 7 in A, Op. 92.

                                    Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67.

                                    Symphony No. 7 in A, Op. 92.

                                    Symphony No. 6 in F, Op. 68.

                                    Symphony No. 6 in F, Op. 68.


                                    Piano Concerto No. 3 in C minor, Op. 37.


                                    Concerto for Violin and Orchestra.

                          Mood Music for Listening and Relaxation (6 records).


                                    Scheherazade, Op. 35.


                                    Concerto in D, Op. 35.


                                    Walkure - Magic Fire Scene.


                                    Deux Arabesques.

Series XX.  Records of Small Businesses Operated by Marcus Christian; [n.d.], 1926-1976 (10 boxes)

Box 1              Bluebird Cleaners and Dyers.  [n.d.], 1926-1937.

                       New Orleans Times-Picayune newspaper route.

                                    Correspondence concerning newspaper route.  [n.d.], 1967-1969.

                                    Notices both to carriers and to dealers.  [n.d.], 1965-1969.

                                    Payments by subscribers.  [n.d.], 1965-1969.

                                    Weekly sales reports.  [n.d.], 1965-1969.

Box 2              Southern Publishing Co.

                                    Bank statements and cancelled checks.


Box 3                                 1959-1970.

Box 4                                 1971-1976.

                                    Customer sample book of work handled by Southern.

Box 5              Jobs initiated from Southern Publishing Co.

                                    [n.d.], 1942-1970.

Box 6              Miscellaneous business tranactions, including tax forms and work orders.

                                    [n.d.], 1929-1976.

Box 7              Notes by Christian and newspaper clippings relating to printing machinery.

                                    [n.d.], 1945-1970.

Boxes 8-10    Printing supply catalogs and samples.

                                    [n.d.], 1946-1968.

Series XXI.  Scrapbooks (1 oversized box)

1 book: New Orleans, with inscription “Dedicated with love to Uncle Henry by Suzanne Bohne.”  [n.d.].

1 book: reproductions of well-known paintings.  [n.d.].

1 book: clippings, mostly from New Orleans newspapers with notations.  1922-1948.

1 book: clippings from New Orleans newspapers with notations.  1930-1946.

1 book: Poems, book reviews, and reproductions of famous paintings.  1935-1939.

1 book: newspaper clippings, mainly from the New Orleans Times-Democrat and Daily Picayune, but including some without source and a few articles in French.  1887-1898.

Series XXII.  Serials; [n.d.], 1828-1976 (12 standard boxes and 1 oversized carton)

Detailed entries are available in the card file.

Box 1              AFT Newsletter - Anti-Slavery Reporter.

Box 2              Arete - The Bulletin of the College Language Association.

Box 13 OV     Boston Gazette and Country Journal, March 12, 1770.

                        Boston Recorder, January 14, 1817 - October 30, 1824.

Box 3              CWA News - Dryades Triangle.

Box 4              Ebony - Journal of Black Poetry.

Box 5              Journal of Negro History - Louisiana Historical Quarterly, January 1923 - October 1925.

Box 6              Louisiana Historical Quarterly, April 1926 - April 1931.

Box 7              Louisiana Historical Quarterly, July 1931 - October 1938.

Box 8              Louisiana Historical Quarterly, January 1939 - January 1947.

Box 9              Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Spring 1971 - Niles Weekly Register.

Box 10            Nkombo - The Printer’s Helper.

Box 11            Progressive - Southern Patriot.

Box 12            Soviet Life - Yale University Library Gazette; fragments of serials.

Series XXIII.  Sheet music (1 box, 26 items).

Barès, Basile.  “Basile’s Galop.”  New Orleans (164 Canal St., New Orleans): A. E. Blackmar, 1869.

Barès, Basile.  “La capricieuse: Valse de salon pour le piano.”  New Orleans (164 Canal Str., New Orleans): A. E. Blackmar, 1869.

Barés, Basile.  “La Course.”  New Orleans (167 Canal St., New Orleans): A. E. Blackmar, 1866.

Bares, Basile.  “Exhibition Waltz.”  New Orleans (127 Canal St., New Orleans): L. Grunewald, [1884?], c1870.

Barès, Basile J.  “Les folies du carnaval: Grande valse brillante.”  New Orleans (167 Canal St., New Orleans): A. E. Blackmar, 1866.

Barés, Basile.  “La Louisianaise: Valse brillante.”  [New Orleans?: A. E. Blackmar?], 1884.  (Creole Music for Piano)

Barès, Basile.  “Mamie Waltz.”  New Orleans (191 Canal Street, New Orleans): Junius Hart, 1880.

Barés, Basile.  “Merry Fifty Lanciers.”  New Orleans (78, 80, 82 & 90 Baronne St., New Orleans): Philip Werlein, 1873.

Barés, Basile.  “Minuit: Valse de Salon.”  [New Orleans: s.n.], 1873.

Barès, Basile.  “Regina: Valse pour le piano.”  New Orleans (16 to 22 Baronne St. & 127 Canal St., New Orleans): Louis Grunewald, 1881.

Barès, Basile.  “Les Variétés du Carnaval.”  New Orleans (Grunewald Hall, New Orleans): Louis Grunewald, 1875.

Barès, Basile.  “Les Violettes.”  New Orleans (Grunewald Hall, New Orleans): Louis Grunewald, 1876.

Bishop, T. Brigham.  “Those Dark Eyes.”  Lyrics by Carolus Turner.  New and corrected ed.  New Orleans: A. E. Blackmar, 1867.

Davis, Auguste.  “Birds in Summer: Waltz.”  New Orleans: A. E. Blackmar, 1874.  (Birds in Summer Time)

Gottschalk, L. M.  “Bamboula: Danse de Negres; Fantaisie pour piano.”  Mainz: Fils de B. Schott, [between 1847 and 1852].  (With photocopy)

Gottschalk, L. M.  “The Banjo: An American Sketch.”  New York (239 Broad­way, New York): William Hall & Son, 1855.  (With 2 photocopies)

Lewis, J. G.  “The New Orleans Waltz.”  Philadelphia (13 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia): G. E. Blake, [between 1815 and 1841].

Macarthy, Vor. Eugene.  “Fleurs de Salon: 2 Favorite Polkas.”  New-Orleans:  Sold at the Principal Music Stores, 1854.  Polkas: “L’Alzéa” and “La caprifolia.”

Martin, J. T.  “Gen. Persifor F. Smith’s March.”  Baltimore: Miller & Beacham, 1848.

Martin, Thomas J.  “Creole Waltz.”  Baltimore, Md.: Miller & Beacham, 1848.

Martin, Thomas J.  “Free Mason’s Grand March.”  New Orleans (5 Camp St., New Orleans): P. P. Werlein, 1854.

“Oh! Carry Me Back.”  As Sung by Christy’s Minstrels.  Boston (115 Wash­ing­ton St., Boston): Oliver Ditson, [between 1844 and 1857].  (Melodies of the Sable Brothers)

Oweczka, E.  “Heel and Toe.”  New Orleans (Grunewald Hall and 127 Canal Street, New Orleans): Louis Grunewald, 1880.

Rente, F. A.  “Stella = Mon Etoile = My Star: Valse célèbre.”  New Orleans (135 Canal St., New Orleans): Philip Werlein, 1879.

Seraphine, Sister M.  “La Puertorriqueña.”  New Orleans: Junius Hart, 1896.

Tretbar, Charles.  “Fascination Galop.”  Buffalo: Meyer & Tretbar, 1854.

Series XXIV.  University of New Orleans; [n.d.], 1969-1975 (4 boxes).

Materials pertaining to Christian’s teaching at the University of New Orleans.

Box 1              Announcements.


                        Personnel Action Form.

                        English Department.

                                    Announcements and reports.

                                    Research material from unknown source.

                                    Tests and hand-outs of explanatory course material from various sources.

                        English 57: Afro-American Literature, ca. 1972.

                                    Miscellany (printed course descriptions; hand-outs of explanatory course material; originals and photocopies of material placed on reserve).

                                    Students’ papers.

                                    Tests (drafts and finished copies).

                        English 63-1: Poetry Workshop, ca. 1970-1971.

                                    Class rolls and schedule.

                                    Miscellany (printed course description; hand-outs of explanatory material; reading list and originals and photocopies of material placed on reserve).

                                    Lecture notes with related miscellany.

                                    Tests (drafts and finished copies).

                        English 2071: Afro-American Literature, 1975-1976.

                                    Class rolls.

                                    Miscellany (printed course description; hand-outs of explanatory material; originals and photocopies of material placed on reserve).

                                    Lecture notes with related miscellany.

Box 2                          Student papers, A-F.

                                    Student papers, G-L.

                                    Student papers, M-Z and fragments.

                                    Tests (midterm, final, and miscellaneous other examinations; some annotated by Christian, including drafts and finished copies).

                        History Department.

                                    Announcements, reports, schedules.  February 9, 1969 - December 15, 1973, [n.d.].

                                    Departmental Seminar papers, A-C.

                                    Departmental Seminar papers, D-Z.

                                    Miscellany (Printed course description, hand-outs of explanatory material, book lists).

Box 3                           Student papers, A-J.

                                    Student papers, K-Mul.

                                    Student papers, Mur-Z.

                                    Tests from various sources (finished copies).

                        History 82-1: The Negro in Louisiana, 1973-1974.

                                    Miscellany (Hand-outs of explanatory material).

                                    Student papers.


                        History 195: The Negro in Louisiana, 1970-1971.

                                    Miscellany (Hand-outs of explanatory material).

                                    Student papers.


                        History 2602: The Negro in Louisiana, 1975.

                                    Miscellany (course outline; hand-outs of explanatory material; reading list; originals and photocopies of material placed on reserve).

                                    Tests (drafts and finished copies).

Box 4              Miscellaneous materials used by Christian in various history courses.

                        Social Science 1010: Afro-American Culture.

                                    Class rolls.

                                    Miscellany (Course outline; hand-outs of explanatory course material; reading list; originals and photocopies of material placed on reserve).

                                    Research material for lecture notes.

                                    Student work.

                                    Tests (drafts and finished copies).

Series XXV.  WPA Transcriptions of Negro Activities, Chiefly from New Orleans Newspapers, ca. 1729-1941 (55 boxes, 2 file folders).

Box 1              Inventory guide, by category, of WPA card file initiated by the Louisiana Federal Writers Project, Dillard University Unit.

Index to boxes 2 through 45 (WPA card file)

See file folders.

Boxes 2-45    WPA card file.

Boxes 46-47  Duplicate articles removed from WPA card file.

Boxes 48-49  Illegible material removed from WPA card file.

                                    Notebooks of transcriptions from the New Orleans Tribune, which appeared to be the initial step in compiling the WPA card file.  Portions of these notebooks were incorporated in the card file.  This material was found in the following order:

Box 50            July - November 1864.

Box 51            December 1864 - March 1865.

Box 52            Notebook transcriptions, April 1865; loose transcriptions.  April 1837 - July 10, 1894, fragment, [n.d.].  WPA research progress reports, 1939, 1940, [n.d.].

Index Terms

African Americans—Louisiana—History

Christian, Marcus

Dillard University

Federal Writers Project.  Louisiana









      1                “Concessions and Forced White Labor in Early Louisiana”

      2                “Slave Buying, Selling and Stealing”

      3                “Slave Occupations 

      4                “Slave Fare and Cuisine”

      5                “Slave Clothing”

      6                “Slave Health, Remedies, and Hos­pitalization” 

      7                “Slave Housing”  

      8                “Slave Life” 

      9                “The Creole Dialect”  

    10                “Folklore of French- and English-Speaking Negroes of Louisiana”  

    11                “Voodooism and Mumbo-Jumbo” 

    12                “Some Prominent Cult Leaders of New Orleans”  

    13                “Street-Vendors and Street-Cries”  

    14                “Negro Dances” 

    15                “Manumission and Colonization Schemes”  

    16                “Insurrection, Abolition, and the Under­ground Railroad”  

    17                “Regulations and Punishments of Slaves and Free Colored”  

    18                “The Free Colored Class of Louisiana”  

    19                “Taxation without Representation” 

    20                “The Negro Church in Louisiana” 

    21                “Negro Education” 

    22                “Negro Periodicals, Literature, and Art in Louisiana” 

    23                “Negro Painters, Sculptors, Architects, and Craftsmen”

    24                “The Negro and the Theater” 

    25                “The Negro as a Soldier, 1729-1860” 

    26                “The Negro as a Soldier, 1861-1865” 603  

    27                “Ballots or Bullets” 671  

    28                “The Mechanics’ Hall Riot of 1866” 

    29                “Let Freedom Ring”  

    30                “Negro Labor”  

    31                “Soldiers of the Cross”

    32                “Negro Education, 1861-1900”  

    33                “Organized Negro Labor” 

    34                “Trades and Occupations, 1900-1930” 

    35                “Farm and Rural Labor, 1900-1930” 

    36                “Health and Hospitalization, 1872-1942”

    37                “Housing, 1900-1942” 

    38                “Churches, 1904-1942”

    39                “Education, 1900-1942” 

    40                “Business and Professions, 1900-1930”

    41                “Sports and Recreation, 1900-1942”

    42                “Carnival Groups and Social, Aid and Pleasure Clubs”  

    43                “Lady Luck, Be Kind” 

    44                “South Rampart Street”

    45                “Stay in Your Own Back Yard” 

    46                “Negro Suffrage, 1900-1940”


                                    Holographic notes by Christian on flyleaves; includes notation that he “forgot to include the chapter on Music and Musicians” when “binding this volume.” 

                                    Typescript entitled “Musicians” found among Christian’s papers. 



Table of Contents

A - D

Abolition, 1837-1875

Accidents and Mortality, 1845-1880



Amusement - Free People of Color, 1838-1865

Amusement - Slaves

Brutality by Newly Emancipated Slave, 1857-1858

Business and Professions, The Negro in, 1853-1941

Carnival, 1941

Chain Gang, Food for, 1857

City Customs: Negro Servants Beating Mats in Streets

Civil Rights & Segregation, 1851-1875

Civil Rights Harangue (Southern View), 1858-1876

Civil Rights, Other States

Clinton Riot

Colfax Riot

Colonization, 1846-1879

Colonization - About: Colonization Societies

Coushatta Riot

Crime against Free Colored, 1850-1862

Crime against Freemen

Crime against Slaves, 1845-1863

Crime by Slaves, 1842-1863

Crime - FPC

Crimes - General, 1836-1880

Crimes Laid on the Negro

Cuba, 1853-1875

Domestic Slave Trade

Frederick Douglas, 1853-1875

E - M

Emancipation and Emigration


England and Slavery, 1846-1879

Expression (Anecdotes), 1837-1878

Foreign News Items, 1839-1853

Foreign Slave Trade

Fraternities, Lodges, Benevolent Associations, 1865-1874

Free Colored Amusement

Free Colored Crimes

Free Colored Expression

Free Colored Items

Free Colored Labor, 1852-1858

Free Colored Loyalty to Louisiana, 1861

Free Colored Negro Anti-Legislation

Freedmen, 1862-1876

Fugitive Northern

Fugitive Slaves, 1839-1863

Fugitive Slaves in Louisiana

Fugitive Slaves in Other States

Fusionist Party

Gayarré's Appeal to Negro Voters, 1874

Graft - Runaway Slave Fees

Hand Cart Drayage to Steamboat

Harboring Slaves, 1846-1861


Illegal Sale to Slaves

In Contravention, 1842-1861

J. H. Ingraham Note


Interesting Items about the Negro

Inter-Racial Criminality, 1842-1880

Kansas Question, 1855-1859

Labor - Free People of Color

Capt. Leathers' Caution, 1857

Legal, Honesty, Fidelity, Miscellaneous Articles

Liberia and Colonization

Lincoln Letter Hoax and Jefferson Miscegenation Facts

Abraham Lincoln's Death, 1865

Local Color

Longevity, 1850-1941

Lynching, 1854-1880

John McDonogh, 1850-1873

Manumission, 1838-1863

Mechanics Institute Convention and Riot

Miscegenation, 1846-1874

Miscellany, 1845-1877

Mississippi River Overflows, 1874

Mississippi's Contravention Law

Mohammedan Negro Reads Arabic


N - P

Negro Churches

Negro Colonization Schemes

Negro Dances

Negro Discussion, 1853-1876

Negro Droll Stories and Attempted Witticisms

Negro Education

Negro Forced into Slavery, 1853-1860

Negro in Education in Louisiana, 1850-1941

Negro in Politics in Louisiana, 1840-1940

Negro in Religion, 1838-1941

Negro Musicians

Negro on the Stage

Negro Soldiers, 1845-1941

Negro Stealing

Negro Suffrage, 1861-1874

Negro Wealth

Negro Wealth and Land Ownership and Dueling, 1838-1941

New Orleans City Customs

New Orleans Miscellany, 1846-1957

New Orleans Temperature and Weather

New Orleans Tribune Editorials, 1865

Newspaper Ownership and Editorship, 1858-1894

Northern Free Negroes - General, 1851-1865

On the Theater, 1842-1898

Pandelly Case

Philanthropy and Benevolent Societies

Plantation and Slave Sales, 1837-1873

Plantation and Slave Sales in Other States


Politics in Louisiana

Population and Statistics

Provost Court, 1862-1866

Q - Z

Quadroon Balls, Slave Balls, 1855-1865, 1963

Regulation - Free Colored, 1852-1865

Regulation - Slaves, 1845-1865

Remedies and Cures

Republican Refutation of Reconstruction Slanders

Riots, Uprisings, 1853-1874

Runaway Rewards

Runaway Slaves, 1837-1862

Sad Cases of Negro Freedom in West Indies

Secession Discussions, 1865

Selling Liquor to Slaves, 1850-1861

Slander, 1856-1874

Slave and Free Colored Assaults

Slave Crimes

Slave Crimes in Other States

Slave Cures and Remedies, Hospitalization, 1845-1860

Slave Expression

Slave Furnishings

Slave Furnishings for Sale, 1837-1860

Slave Labor, 1853-1865

Slave Labor on Sundays

Slave Sales

Slave Stealing, 1839-1865

Slavers and Slave Trade, 1846-1861

Slavery Preferred, 1843-1866

Southern Newspapers on Abolition, 1856-1874

Star Cars, Steamboats, Civil Rights, 1861-1890

Statistics, 1852-1875, 1941

Steamboat Disasters, 1865-1874

Steamboat Lore

Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin

Street Vendors

Suicide, 1850-1879

Suits [lawsuits], 1845-1875

Transportation, 1852-1874

Tribune Editorials

Uncle Tom's Cabin - Mrs. Stowe

Unlawful Assemblage

Unusual Negroes, 1846-1941

Voluntary Enslavement of Negroes, 1860

Voodoo, 1854-1881

Want Ads, 1839-1882

Washington - The Caucus on Southern Affairs

White Slaves

Whites Held in Slavery, 1838-1859

Whites in Bad About the Blacks

Whites in Trouble About the Blacks

Writings Concerning the Negro, 1838-1941





Daily Crescent

Daily Delta

Daily Picayune

Daily Times

Daily True Delta

Grand Gulf Advertiser

Item and Tribune

Louisiana Weekly

Orleans Delta




Sunday Delta

Sunday Item-Tribune




True Delta

Weekly Crescent

Weekly Times



Table of Contents

Cataloged Books Arranged by Author

Cataloged Books Arranged by Item Number

Uncataloged Books Arranged by Author

Uncataloged Books Arranged by Box Number

[1] See “Correspondence,” March 24, 1976.

[2] See “Correspondence,” July 9, 1976.

[3] See “Correspondence,” July 25, 1963.

[4] See “Correspondence,” November 17, 1970.

[5] See “Correspondence,” March 26, 1973.

[6] See “Correspondence,” December 19, 1945.