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MSS 165 - Joseph Bauer Collection: Summary


(Mss 165)


Earl K. Long Library

University of New Orleans

June 1984




1 album (128 items).

Geographic Locations:

New Orleans, Mandeville, St. Tammany Parish, and Thibodeaux, La.

Inclusive Dates:

ca. 1895 to 1914.

Bulk Dates:



Photographs, newspaper clippings, and postcards.

Related Collections:



Purchase, June 1984.


No Restrictions.


Physical rights are retained by the Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans.


Joseph Bauer Collection (MSS 165), Louisiana and Special Collections Department, Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans

Biographical Note

Source:          Louisiana Classic Series Reprint, (1975). Biographical and historical memoirs of

Louisiana. Baton Rouge, LA: Claitor's Publishing Division.

Dr. J. Bauer, Famous in Science and Art, Dead. (3/9/1914). Daily Picayune, p. 5 col. 6-7.

Joseph Bauer, though originally from St. Louis, Missouri, moved to New Orleans at a very young age.  Born in 1848, he attended the New Orleans School of Medicine and graduated from the New Orleans Dental College in 1869, although his education also included time abroad in Paris.  Starting his practice in what was once known as “Attakapas Country”, he began practicing within the city of New Orleans in 1873, and quickly achieved prominence in his field.  Bauer was twice married, first to Miss Mary Thibodeaux in 1867, and then to Miss Hortense Villavaso in XXXX.  In his time a member of the Louisiana Historical Society, the American Dental Association, the Louisiana State Dental Society, and the New Orleans Odontological Society, and the New Orleans Artists’ Association, Mr. Bauer was highly regarded in his field and also respected for his knowledge in matters of art, genealogy, and history.  Joseph Bauer passed on March 8, 1914 and was laid to rest in St. Louis Cemetery No. 3.

List of Series and Subseries

Series I:

Photographs and other miscellany.  (1 album.)

Series Descriptions


Photo Album

This series consists of mostly amateur photographs, but also includes postcards, newspaper clippings, and professional prints.

Container List

Series I: Photo Album

This series consists of photographic prints (mainly amateur snapshots but also including

portraits by professional photographers) depicting exterior and interior views of Dr. Joseph Bauer’s residence (1032 Esplanade Avenue), views of the French Quarter and French Market, Audubon Park, Metairie Cemetery, wharves of the riverfront and Old Basin, horse racing at the Fair Grounds, Newcomb College (Chapel, Pottery, and main building), Milneburg, the Spanish Fort, West End Park, Mandeville, the bayous and shores of Lake Pontchartrain, trappers' cabins with palmetto roofs, and a black funeral in Thibodeaux.  The album also contains formal portraits of Bauer and his wife, Hortense Villavaso Bauer, and numerous other snapshots of Bauer family, friends, associates, and servants.

Box 1:

165-1              Album of 118 original photographic prints; 3 press production photographs; 2 newspaper clippings; and 5 postcards.  (See itemized page list, following):

Itemized List

Page 01

Newspaper clipping of Joseph Bauer's obituary, source and date unknown.

Page 02

Blank page with inscription of Hortense Bauer's signature.

Page 03

Exterior shot of the Bauer home in New Orleans.  Caption reads "Home of Dr. and Mrs. Bauer.  N.O. La."

Page 04

Interior shot of the Bauer home.  Caption reads "Interior of Living room".

Page 05

Interior shot of the Bauer home.

Page 06

Studio photograph of Joseph Bauer, by "Moses and Son".  Inscription reads "To Dr. A.E. Peck from his friend Joe Bauer.  Dec. 14th/08".

Page 07

Commemorative plate depicting St. Louis Cathedral and a photograph of a doorway with intricate glass designs in the windows.  Captions read "One of two known plates representing old N.O. Cathedral.  Made in 1837." and "Colonial Doorway", respectively.

Page 08

Interior shot of a bedroom, depicting various pieces of furniture: a bed, a cabinet, a nightstand, and a chair.  Caption reads "Furniture made by Sauvrezy.  French -19- Century".

Page 09

Photograph of Joseph Bauer and others sitting on a porch.  Caption reads "Looking + listening for something to eat!"

Page 10

Studio photograph of Hortense Bauer, by "G. Moses & Son".


Back of Hortense portrait.  Inscription reads "Dr. J. Bauer / New Orl / 108 Bourbon".


Blank page, behind portrait of Hortense.  Caption reads "Canal Street."

Page 11

Blank page.  Captions read "Bishops Palace." and "Gen. Bouregard's Home."

Page 12

Photographs of a street scene depicting a young girl and a group of African American women, and of a horse-drawn cart on a cobbled street.  Captions read "Mme. E Marchand.  Calas merchant.  Bishops Palace.  Ursuline + Chartres." and "First Cabildo established under Spanish regime.  Dumaine bet. Royal + Bergundy.  Described by Cable as Mme. Delphine's home."

Page 13

Two exterior shots of city buildings with balconies, one four-story and one three-story.  Captions read "Former residence of Philip Avegno.  Toulouse bet. Bergundy + Dauphine." and "In this building Gen. and Mrs. Jackson were tendered a reception by N.O. residents after N.O. battle.  Petite Bourse.  Destroyed."

Page 14

Photograph of two African American individuals standing against a row of houses along a cobbled street.  A wooden cart sits on the other side of the street next to the streetcar rails.  Caption reads "French Quarter, now destroyed.  Ursuline bet. Bergundy + Dauphine."

Page 15

Exterior shots of two different three-story buildings with balconies, with individuals standing on street corners nearby.  One building has arched windows, the other building has rectangular windows.  Caption reads "Haunted House.  Cor. Hospital + Royale.  Till 1835 occupied by Mrs. Lalaurie, when driven from N.O. (O. DeBouchel Historian."

Page 16

Exterior shots of a salvage store and a church.  Captions read "First office of N.O. + Carondelet Nav. Co. Bayou St. John + its continuations (Canal Carondelet) caused establishment of N.O." and "Mortuary Chapel.  Destroyed."

Page 17

Two-story building with sloped roof and attic space.  Caption reads "First Drug store established in La. 1724.  Barracks bet. Chartres + Decatur.  Recently remodeled."

Page 18

Photograph of the alleyway between the Cabildo and St. Louis Cathedral, currently known as "Pirate Alley".  Caption reads "Orleans Passage cor Cabildo, followed by State Arsenal - looking toward Royal St., Cathedral to right."

Page 19

Two exterior shots of the Cabildo and St. Louis Cathedral, each from the front of their respective buildings.  Caption reads "Two views of Cabildo and Cathedral facing Jackson Park.  Where McKinley was entertained."

Page 20

Two-story building with a flat or slightly sloped roof, which also supports several chimneys.  Caption reads "Spanish building.  First Macaroni factory est. 1824 by Joachim Sampola."

Page 21

Photograph of several people standing or walking by a street corner.  Signs on the building are partially obscured, but appear to say "Telegraph Co. Pay Station" and "Old Absinthe House".

Page 22

Photograph of a woman standing under the eaves of a wooden building.  Several men are standing together in the background.  Caption reads "Dago Quarters, where life of man can be bought for $3.00 per agreement."

Page 23

Photograph of a woman standing in front of Begue's Exchange.  Caption reads "Begue's Exchange.  Famous eating house."

Page 24

Exterior shot of several interconnected prison buildings, both two- and three-story, with barred windows.  A group of men is gathered near a horse-drawn carriage in front of the main building, and a girl is standing further down, near the right-most front corner of the same building.  Caption reads "Parish Prison build in 1831, by the Blineau's slaves.  Where most exciting Maffia tragedies occured.  Destroyed."

Page 25

Photographs of a row of houses along a cobbled street and a large two-story building that houses an antique shop (Louisiana Antique Art Co.) and a tailor (M. Becker).  The awning in front of one of the houses on the cobbled street reads "Ice Cream - Soda Water".  Captions read "Old Spanish house.  French town." and "Home built by Diego Morphy Spanish Consul; tendered to Gen. Jackson previous to battle of N.O.  Where Paul Morphy the celebrated chess player, lived + died."

Page 26

Two shots of cattle and other farm animals in grassy fields, both with houses in the background.  Caption reads "Built in 1836.  Slave Mart Headquarters."

Page 27

Raised platform between stone columns.  The stonework on the arch between columns reads "M. BARNETT / OFFICE 40 ST LOUIS ST".


Back side of photograph.  Inscription reads "Old Slave Market N.O. / New Orleans, LA. / Putnam & Valentine.  Photo.. Los Angeles, Cal.

Page 28

Photograph of a broad dirt road running in between rows of large oak trees covered in Spanish moss.


Back side of photograph.  Inscriptions reads "Live Oaks Audubon Park N.O. / Parish Art Store / New Orleans, LA. / Putnam & Valentine, Photo., Los Angeles, Cal."

Page 29

Small, ivy-covered building flanked on either side by arches, with a group of people standing in front of the left arch.  Caption reads "Repository at Metairie. / Entrance to Metairie Cemetary."

Page 30

Two photographs of various aboveground tombs and graves.  Caption reads "Street of tombs in Metairie."

Page 31

Postcard of St. Roch's chapel and a photograph of two African-American males seated on a pile of lumber near a docked ship.

Page 32

Photographs of an African-American male asleep and leaning against a post on a pier, and of a group of African-Americans seated in a horse-drawn cart, holding umbrellas.  Captions read "Tired." and "Negro Funeral in Thibodaux Corps is in the cart!"

Page 33

Photographs of ships docked in a harbor.  Buildings can be seen in the background of one, and a small boy standing on the shore in the other.

Page 34

Photographs of harbor scenes, one depicting a woman with her back to the camera seated on a piece of lumber, and the other of a woman and man standing at the edge of a walkway alongside the lake.  Caption reads "Afternoon at the basin."

Page 35

Photographs of a metal bridge with people walking across it, and of a man in a bowler hat standing in front of strewn about lumber and a few wooden houses.

Page 36

Photographs of two individuals, presumably Hortense and Joseph Bauer, standing on the dock next to and on the deck of a large ship.  Caption reads "Busy scenes on the Levee."

Page 37

Several African-Americans unloading bundles from a ship, while a woman, Hortense Bauer, watches.  Hortense and Joseph Bauer rest on bales of cotton on the pier, with a large ship in the background.  Caption reads "Unloading coffee and cotton."

Page 38

Photographs of the French Market and French Quarter, the first is of a woman standing in front of several barrels of fruit, with a scarf obscuring her face, the second an angled shot of a French Quarter Street, and the third of Hortense Bauer posing with two young African-American girls.  Caption reads "French Market Scenes."

Page 39

Postcard, depicting a photograph of a courtyard surrounded by buildings with a fountain in its center.  Text reads "7020, Old French Court-yard, New Orleans, LA."


Reverse side of postcard, with a handwritten name across the body.

Page 40

Horse-drawn cart with two large jugs secured in the passenger area.  The cart's side reads "J. Juan".  Caption reads "Milk Carts."

Page 41

Photograph of a horse-drawn carriage being pulled across a racetrack, with several women passengers, and the grandstands along the track filled with people.  Caption reads "Derby day at the races."

Page 42

Photographs of jockeys parading their horses around the track, and of a large crowd of spectators overflowing in front of the grandstands.

Page 43

Three photographs of various buildings on the Newcomb campus, with a woman, possibly Hortense, posing in each of them.  Captions read "Newcomb Chapel" and "Newcomb Pottery".

Page 44

Photographs of a small group of women standing in front of an ivy-covered building with tall windows and of a woman standing in the road in front of a tall stone building and a large tree.  Caption reads "Newcomb School grounds."

Page 45

Photographs of the Port Pontchartrain lighthouse, circa 1900 while it was still surrounded by water, and of Hortense Bauer standing on a pier leading up to the Washington Bathhouse.  Caption reads "Lighthouse at Milneburg.  Lake Ponchartrain."

Page 46

Photographs of scenes from around Lake Ponchartrain, the first of Hortense standing next to an old fountain, the second of Hortense walking down the steps of a circular fortification, and the third of Joseph Bauer standing in front of an early American submarine.  Captions read "West End Now destroyed." and "Ruins of old Spanish Fort."

Page 47

Exterior shot of a one-story house with a white picket fence and several large trees surrounding it.  Caption reads "Chalet Hortense.  Mandeville, La."

Page 48

Photographs of several individuals, some adults, some children, riding in horse-drawn carts.  Caption reads "Mrs. Bauer - Self Pony."

Page 49

Photograph of a young boy guiding a horse and a young girl sitting atop a small stone pillar.  Captions reads "Schneider the pony."

Page 50

Photographs of African-Americans in various situations, the first of a man and a boy sitting on a log bench beneath a rose trellis, the second of a boy standing on a long pier, and the third of two boys, one of whom is sitting on the roots of a tree.  Captions read "Uncle Tom of the Roses" and "Picininy Blossoms".

Page 51

Photographs of an African-American woman in a polka-dotted dress sitting on a tree stump and of two African-American boys fishing under the supervision of a Caucasian woman.  Captions read "Cook.  Old Reliable." and "Crabbing."

Page 52

Two photographs of Joseph Bauer "conversing" with an African-American woman sitting on a wooden bench.  Caption reads "Interesting conversation."

Page 53

Two interior photographs of a large dining rooms decorated with various civil war weapons and flags.  Captions read "Cross shows clock - would strike each hour twice" and "Interiors of Mandeville Home"


Caption written behind photographs reads "Bath Houses on Lake Ponchartrain."

Page 54

Photograph of a large oak tree in front of a white picket fence and one-story home.  Caption reads "Water Oak.  Mandeville."

Page 55

Photographs of two women in the center of a yard, one of which is sitting on a pedestal behaving as a "sundial" and of a large multi-story house with a "Casino" sign mounted on the roof.  Captions read "Keeping time on sun-dial." and "Home of Bernard de Marigny founder of Mandeville."

Page 56

Photographs of rural areas in Mandeville.  The first is of a man carrying a basket walking along the shore, and the second is of a wide dirt road running alongside a fence and treeline.  Caption reads "Scenes in Mandeville."

Page 57

Two photographs of goats, including one white baby goat, in front of a treeline.

Page 58

Photograph of an African-American boy gathering branches and several goats lined up across a dirt road.  Caption reads "Gathering flowers and pictures.  Dog-wood".

Page 59

Two photographs of Hortense and Joseph Bauer sitting on benches inset into the end of a wooden pier.  Caption reads "At the end of bathing pier."

Page 60

Photographs of a large dirt avenue flanked on both sides by large trees, of Hortense and Joseph Bauer sitting on the steps to a white wooden house, and of a studio photograph of Joseph Bauer.


Reverse side of the dirt avenue photograph.  Inscription reads "Marigny Ave".


Caption behind photograph of Joseph and Hortense Bauer reads "Mandeville scenes."

Page 61

Photographs of rural bayou areas, depicting narrow wooden bridges, piers, and rowboats.  Caption reads "St Stephens bridge, little bayou."

Page 62

Photographs of rural areas around Lake Ponchartrain, depicting wooden shelters and houses in decaying condition.

Page 63

Photograph of a wooden barn in disrepair, surrounded by wagon carts and wagon wheels in varying states and conditions.  Caption reads "The Forge.  Mandeville."

Page 64

Photographs of oak trees.  Captions read "Water Oaks." and "Pine tree growing through Oak."

Page 65

Photographs of rural scenes in the woods around Ponchartrain.  Caption reads "Woods about Mandeville."

Page 66

Photograph of a wooded area in Mandeville.  Caption reads "Niger Quarters".

Page 67

Photograph of two sailboats moored in a rural bayou area of Mandeville.  The name written across the stern of the sailboat is "Two Son's of Mandeville La."

Page 68

Photograph of a sailboat moored outside of a boat shed.  Caption reads "Entering bayou Castelane."

Page 69

Photographs of rural bayou areas in Mandeville, the first of two men working near a small plank bridge, and the second of a small wooden bridge and rowboat on the lakeshore.

Page 70

Photographs of rural bayou areas in Mandeville.  Caption reads "Bayou Castelane."

Page 71

Photograph of a cow standing on the lakeshore in a wooded area of Mandeville.  Caption reads "On Ponchartrain's shores."

Page 72

Photograph of a rural wooded area in Mandeville.

Page 73

Photographs of rural areas on the lakeshore of Mandeville, the first of a small sailboat moored along the lakeshore, and the second of a man standing next to a wooden plank house.

Page 74

Photograph of a rural bayou area in Mandeville.  Captions read "Entrance to Audubon Place." and "Bayou-shores."

Page 75

Photographic postcard (Velox brand) of the Bauer family christening a small boat.  Inscription reads "Christining of our shiff the "Signa B." named after your-mother who is breaking Champagne (beer) bottle".


Photographic postcard (Velox brand) of five African-American children posing for a group photograph.  Inscription reads "The last five of (20) The 'Old Reliable' family Mandeville."


Reverse side of photographic postcard (Velox brand) of the 'Old Reliable' children.  Address reads "Mrs. A. Peck / 1682 Hennefrin Ave. / Minneapolis Minn."

Page 76

Group photograph of a woman, a young girl, and a young boy resting on a sailboat mast.

Page 77

Photographs of a series of piers on the lakeshore in Mandeville, and of a young boy dressed as a clown for Mardi Gras.  Caption reads "Bath Houses.  Ponchartrain."


Reverse side of Lake Ponchartrain photograph.  Inscription reads "Bath-Houses on Lake Ponchartrain 1906".

Page 78

Photograph of a two-story home surrounded by a white picket fence.  Caption reads "Mrs. Roald's Home - Mandeville."

Page 79

Photograph of a small house in the middle of a grassy field.

Page 80

Envelope with the initials "MKC" printed in script across the envelope flap, and a fragment of photograph.

Page 81

Reverse portion of a folded newspaper clipping advertising furniture.


Newspaper clipping depicting an etching of a French Quarter street scene.  Penciled in across the clipping is "Etched by Earl Horter".  Captions reads "Much of the picturesque past dwells in this narrow balconied street of New Orleans which seems still to dream of its ancient French and Spanish splendor."

Page 82

Professional photograph of a balconied three-story building in the French Quarter.  Caption reads "Rue St. Pierre at Royale / New Orleans".

Index Terms

Audubon Park (New Orleans, La.)

Bauer, Joseph

Fort Saint John (New Orleans, La.)

Mandeville, La.

Metairie Cemetery (New Orleans, La.)

Milneburg (New Orleans, La.)

New Orleans (La.)—French Market

New Orleans (La.)—Description and travel—Views

Newcomb College

Pontchartrain, Lake

Thibodeaux, La.--Views

Vieux Carré (New Orleans, La.)—Views

West End/Lakefront (New Orleans, La.)